Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 26, Issue 9, pp 3937–3948 | Cite as

Environmentally Friendly Chitosan-g-poly(acrylic acid-co-acrylamide)/Ground Basalt Superabsorbent Composite for Agricultural Applications

  • Majd Said
  • Yomen AtassiEmail author
  • Mohammad Tally
  • Hany Khatib
Original Paper


This paper investigates on the preparation of a novel eco-friendly composite hydrogel, chitosan-g-poly(acrylic acid-co-acrylamide)/ground basalt and its potential application as a soil ameliorant. Synthesis was undergone using microwave irradiation. N,N′-methylene bisacrylamide MBA was used as a cross-linker, whereas potassium peroxydisulfate KPS and N,N,N′,N′-tetramethylene diamine TEMED were used as radical initiator and reaction accelerator, respectively. The incorporation of ground basaltic rocks into the hydrogel was very beneficial: (i) It lowers the cost of the final hydrogel, (ii) It enhances the mechanical strength of the hydrogel, (iii) It boosts the maximum water absorbency of the composite, 650 g/g versus 450 g/g for the hydrogel without basalt and (iv) It promotes the thermal stability of the composite in comparison with the hydrogel alone. The prepared composite hydrogel was characterized by FTIR, X-ray diffractometer and scanning electron microscope SEM. The effects of pH and ionic strength on water absorbency were also investigated. The role of the prepared composite as a soil conditioner is performed using eggplant (Solanum melongena) as a model.


Chitosan Superabsorbent polymers Polyacrylate Polyacrylamide Soil ameliorant Basalt 

Supplementary material

10924_2018_1269_MOESM1_ESM.docx (179 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 178 KB)


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Materials Sciences, Department of Applied PhysicsHigher Institute for Applied Sciences and TechnologyDamascusSyria

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