Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 26, Issue 9, pp 3834–3847 | Cite as

A Study of Rapeseed Oil-Based Polyol Substitution with Bio-based Products to Obtain Dimensionally and Structurally Stable Rigid Polyurethane Foam

  • Agnė KairytėEmail author
  • Saulius Vaitkus
  • Sigitas Vėjelis
  • Ina Pundienė
Original Paper


Water-blown polyurethane foams from low functionality polyols are characterized by intensive shrinkage, high density, post blowing, and longer demold time. These drawbacks can be partially, or fully, eliminated by varying chemical parameters of the main components. Therefore, an aliphatic polyester rapeseed oil-based polyol was modified with bio-based glycerin (RGL) and propylene glycol (RPG). The impact of the molecular weight and hydroxyl value of the blends were evaluated by testing obtained bio-based polyurethane foams. Compared to RGL-based foams, RPG-modified foams had the strictest standard (EN 13165) requirements regarding dimensional stability. These foams demonstrated a reduced apparent density from 12.6 to 20.8%, a faster foam curing capability by 47%, and the shortest demold time due to the open cell structure. The RGL modified foams had better cross-linking capability, slower ageing of thermal conductivity, and an increased compressive strength of 82.7% compared to the non-modified foam.


Bio-polymers Rapeseed polyol Polyurethane foam Renewable resources Material testing 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Agnė Kairytė
    • 1
    Email author
  • Saulius Vaitkus
    • 1
  • Sigitas Vėjelis
    • 1
  • Ina Pundienė
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Thermal Insulating Materials and Acoustics, Institute of Building Materials, Faculty of Civil EngineeringVilnius Gediminas Technical UniversityVilniusLithuania
  2. 2.Laboratory of Concrete Technology, Institute of Building Materials, Faculty of Civil EngineeringVilnius Gediminas Technical UniversityVilniusLithuania

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