Comparative Study of Xylan Extracted by Sodium and Potassium Hydroxides (NaOH and KOH) from Bagasse Pulp: Characterization and Morphological Properties
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Xylan is the second most abundant polysaccharide and the predominant hemicellulose component of soda bagasse pulp. The present endeavor focuses on increasing the value addition to underutilized agro-industrial residue such as bagasse. For this purpose, xylan was isolated by two conventional alkali extraction methods i.e. NaOH and KOH. The recovery rate and sugar composition of different reaction times and alkali consumptions were monitored with advanced method such as High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). The Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Wide Angle X-ray spectroscopy (WAXS) were respectively employed to characterize the functional groups and Crystallinity Index (CrI) changes during the extraction process. It was explored that highest xylan recovery rates were obtained with 6% of NaOH at 120 min and 6% KOH at 45 min. The xylan morphology via WAXS was found that its structure to be amorphous. HPLC results also showed KOH had higher effectiveness than NaOH in terms of extracted xylan purity. Highest XGRs (Xylose to Glucose Ratios) were also achieved by KOH processes. Hence, this study contributes to the adequate utilization of agricultural residues, with promising potential for applications in the production of certain novel materials and chemical conversion industries.
KeywordsXylan Soda bagasse pulp Sodium hydroxide Potassium hydroxide
The authors wish to thank the Dezful Branch, Islamic Azad University for the financial support and also Shahid Beheshti University (SBU) technicians for their skillful laboratory work. The authors would like to thank all the editor and reviewers for their comments in the development and improvement of this paper.
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