Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 26, Issue 8, pp 3202–3215 | Cite as

Effects of Compatibilizer and Thermoplastic Starch (TPS) Concentration on Morphological, Rheological, Tensile, Thermal and Moisture Sorption Properties of Plasticized Polylactic Acid/TPS Blends

  • Mohammad Reza Abdollahi Moghaddam
  • Seyed Mohammad Ali RazaviEmail author
  • Yousef Jahani
Original Paper


The blends of polylactic acid plasticized with acetyl tributyl citrate (P-PLA) and thermoplastic wheat starch (TPS) were prepared by a co-rotating twin screw extruder and the effect of maleic anhydride grafted PLA (PLA-g-MA) content as reactive compatibilizer on blends compatibility through morphological, rheological and tensile properties of the blends was investigated. Considerable improvement in properties of P-PLA/TPS (70/30 w/w) blend with incorporating the optimum PLA-g-MA content of 4 phr was achieved as this blend exhibited better morphological and rheological properties with an increase by 158 and 276% in tensile strength and elongation at break, respectively, compared to the uncompatibilized blend. Also the thermal stability and moisture sorption properties of the blends as effected by TPS content were studied. Decreasing in thermal stability and increasing in equilibrium moisture content of the blends were observed with progressively increasing of TPS content. For prediction the moisture sorption behaviour of blends with various TPS contents at different relative humidity, the moisture sorption isotherm data were modeled by GAB (Guggenheim–Anderson–de Boer) model.


Compatibilization Packaging Polylactic acid Thermoplastic starch 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Food Engineering, Department of Food Science and TechnologyFerdowsi University of MashhadMashhadIran
  2. 2.Department of Plastics, Faculty of Polymer ProcessingIran Polymer & Petrochemical InstituteTehranIran

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