Advertisement

Magnetic Barkhausen Effect in Steel Under Biaxial Strain/Stress: Influence on Stress Measurement

  • Valeriy VengrinovichEmail author
  • Dmitriy Vintov
  • Andrew Prudnikov
  • Pavel Podugolnikov
  • Vladimir Ryabtsev
Article

Abstract

Experimental investigation of bi-axial steel deformation is presented using new equipment for bi-axial loading. Main conclusion obtained from displayed results is the condition of the invariance of Barkhausen noise intensity relative to any changes of spherical (isotropic) strain/stress tensor, the last being influenced only by material microstructure. This conclusion is supported by independent measurement of Barkhausen noise (BN) intensity on cross-shaped specimens of optimized shape using novel biaxial loading equipment, and tubular specimens like pipe and a balloon loaded by means of oil pressure. Finite Element Modeling (FEM) simulation was also investigated. Thus the BN intensity depends only on the deviatoric (shear) stress tensor value. The presence of this symmetric effect yields too many uncertainties in strain/stress evaluation via BN. Further investigation should identify whether this condition is also present in other magnetic parameters, such as coercive force, remanence, permeability, associated with BN.

Keywords

Non-destructive evaluation Barkhausen effect Final element modeling Uniaxial loading Strain/stress tensor 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are very much grateful to Dr. Thomas Krause for his kind agreement and intensive work to improve English grammar, also mentioned by three reviewers of this article.

References

  1. 1.
    S. Tiitto, US Patent No 4, 977, 373, 11, Dec 1990. Barkhausen noise method for determining biaxial stresses in ferromagnetic materialsGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pasley, R.L.: Barkhausen effect: an indication of stress. Mater. Eval. 28(7), 157–161 (1970)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jagadish, C., Clapham, L., Atherton, D.L.: The influence of stress on surface Barkhausen noise generation in pipeline steels. IEEE Trans. Magn. 25(5), 3452–3454 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Krause, T.W., Pattantyus, A., Atherton, D.L.: Investigation of strain dependent magnetic barkhausen noise in steel. IEEE Trans. Magn. 31, 3376–3378 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sablik, M.J., Augustyniak, B.: The effect of mechanical stress on a Barkhausen noise signal integrated across a cycle of ramped magnetic field. J. Appl. Phys. 79, 963972 (1996)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gauthier, J., Krause, T.W., Atherton, D.L.: Measurement of residual stress in steel using the magnetic Barkhausen noise technique. NDT&E Int. 31, 2331 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mandache, C., Krause, T.W., Clapham, L.: Investigation of optimum field amplitude for stress dependence of magnetic Barkhausen noise. IEEE Trans. Magn. 43, 3976–3983 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Samimi, A.A., Krause, T.W., Clapham, L.: Stress-response of magnetic Barkhausen noise in submarine hull steel: a comparative study. J. Nondestruct. Eval. 35, 32 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Inaguma, T., Sakamoto, H., Hasegawa, M.: Stress dependence of Barkhausen noise in spheroidized cementite carbon steel. IEEE Trans. Magn. 49(4), 1310–1370 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sablik, M.J.: Modeling the effects of biaxial stress on magnetic properties of steels with application to biaxial stress NDE. Nondestruct. Test. Eval. 12(2), 87–102 (1995)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Vengrinovich, V., Dmitrovich, D.: Bayesian approach to NDT of stress state. J. Tech. Diagn. NDT 4, 23–33 (2008). (in Russian) Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tiitto, S.: Magnetoelastic testing of biaxial stresses—Experimental Techniques. Springer, New York (1991)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Krause, T.W., Clapham, L., Pattantyus, A., Atherton, D.L.: Investigation of the stress- dependent magnetic easy axis in steel using magnetic Barkhausen Noise. J. Appl. Phys. 79(7), 4242–4252 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Akulov, N.S.: Ferromagnetism. Nauka, Moscow (1939)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valeriy Vengrinovich
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Dmitriy Vintov
    • 1
  • Andrew Prudnikov
    • 3
  • Pavel Podugolnikov
    • 3
  • Vladimir Ryabtsev
    • 4
  1. 1.National Academy of Science of Belarus Institute of Applied PhysicsMinskBelarus
  2. 2.Tomsk National Research State UniversityTomskRussia
  3. 3.Belarus-Russian Technical UniversityMogilevBelarus
  4. 4.Belarus State Technical UniversityMinskBelarus

Personalised recommendations