Distinguising Proof of Diabetic Retinopathy Detection by Hybrid Approaches in Two Dimensional Retinal Fundus Images

  • Karkuzhali SEmail author
  • Manimegalai D
Patient Facing Systems
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Wearable Computing Techniques for Smart Health


Diabetes is characterized by constant high level of blood glucose. The human body needs to maintain insulin at very constrict range. The patients who are all affected by diabetes for a long time affected by eye disease called Diabetic Retinopathy (DR). The retinal landmarks namely Optic disc is predicted and masked to decrease the false positive in the exudates detection. The abnormalities like Exudates, Microaneurysms and Hemorrhages are segmented to classify the various stages of DR. The proposed approach is employed to separate the landmarks of retina and lesions of retina for the classification of stages of DR. The segmentation algorithms like Gabor double-sided hysteresis thresholding, maximum intensity variation, inverse surface adaptive thresholding, multi-agent approach and toboggan segmentation are used to detect and segment BVs, ODs, EXs, MAs and HAs. The feature vector formation and machine learning algorithm used to classify the various stages of DR are evaluated using images available in various retinal databases, and their performance measures are presented in this paper.


Optic Disc Diabetic Retinopathy Hemorrhages Blood Vessels Microaneurysms Image Processing 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of Interest

This paper has not communicated anywhere till this moment, now only it is communicated to your esteemed journal for the publication with the knowledge of all co-authors.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringKalasalingam Academy of Research and Education ( Deemed to be University)SrivilliputturIndia
  2. 2.Department of Information TechnologyNational Engineering CollegeKovilpattiIndia

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