Proposing New Blockchain Challenges in eHealth
- 34 Downloads
The blockchain technology has reached a great boom in the health sector, due to its importance to overcome interoperability and security challenges of the EHR and EMR systems in eHealth. The main objective of this work is to show a review of the existing research works in the literature, referring to the new blockchain technology applied in ehealth and exposing the possible research lines and trends in which this technology can be focused. The search for blockchain studies in eHealth field was carried out in the following databases: IEEE Xplore, Google Scholar, Science Direct, PubMed, Web of Science and ResearchGate from 2010 to the present. Different search criteria were established such as: “Blockchain” AND (“eHealth” OR “EHR” OR “electronic health records” OR “medicine”) selecting the papers considered of most interest. A total of 84 publications on blockchain in eHealth were found, of which 18 have been identified as relevant works, 5.56% correspond to the year 2016, 22.22% to 2017 and 72.22% to 2018. Many of the publications found show how this technology is being developed and applied in the health sector and the benefits it provides. The new blockchain technology applied in eHealth identifies new ways to share the distributed view of health data and promotes the advancement of precision medicine, improving health and preventing diseases.
KeywordsBlockchain Challenges eHealth Electronic health records (EHRs)
This research has been partially supported by European Commission and the Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism under the project AAL-20125036 named “Wetake Care: ICT- based Solution for (Self-) Management of Daily Living”.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
- 1.Liu, W., Zhu, S. S., Mundie, T., and Krieger, U., Advanced Block-Chain Architecture for e-Health Systems. 2017 IEEE 19th Int Conf e-Health Networking, Appl Serv. 1–3, 2017.Google Scholar
- 2.Rifi, N., Rachkidi, E., Agoulmine, N., and Taher, N. C., Towards Using Blockchain Technology for eHealth Data Access Management. 2017 Fourth Int Conf Adv Biomed Eng. 1–4, 2017.Google Scholar
- 8.Kamau, G., Boore, C., Maina, E., and Njenga, S., Blockchain Technology: Is this the Solution to EMR Interoperability and Security Issues in Developing Countries? 2018 IST-Africa Week Conf. 1–8, 2018.Google Scholar
- 10.Alhadhrami, Z., Alghfeli, S., Alghfeli, M., Abedlla, J. A., and Shuaib, K., Introducing blockchains for healthcare. 2017 Int Conf Electr Comput Technol Appl ICECTA. 2017;1–4.Google Scholar
- 12.Azaria, A., Ekblaw, A., Vieira, T., and Lippman, A., MedRec: Using blockchain for medical data access and permission management. Proc - 2016 2nd Int Conf Open Big Data, OBD. 25–30, 2016.Google Scholar
- 13.Cunningham, J., and Ainsworth, J., Enabling patient control of personal electronic health records through distributed ledger technology. MEDINFO 2017 Precis Healthc Through Informatics Proc 16th World Congr Med Heal Informatics. 245:45–48, 2017.Google Scholar
- 14.Dubovitskaya, A., Xu, Z., Ryu, S., Schumacher, M., Wang, F., Secure and Trustable Electronic Medical Records Sharing using Blockchain. Proc AMIA Annu Symp. 650, 2017.Google Scholar
- 15.Magyar G. Blockchain: solving the privacy and research availability tradeoff for EHR data: A new disruptive technology in health data management. 2017 IEEE 30th Jubil Neumann Colloq. 135–140, 2017.Google Scholar
- 16.Xia, Q., Sifah, E. B., Smahi, A., Amofa, S., and Zhang, X., BBDS: Blockchain-based data sharing for electronic medical records in cloud environments. Inform 8(2):44, 2017.Google Scholar
- 18.da Conceição, A. F., da Silva, F. S. C., Rocha, V., Locoro, A., Barguil, J. M., Eletronic Health Records using Blockchain Technology. arXiv Prepr arXiv180410078. 2018.Google Scholar
- 19.Dias, J. P., Reis, L., Ferreira H. S., Martins, Â., Blockchain for Access Control in e-Health Scenarios. arXiv Prepr arXiv180512267. 2018.Google Scholar
- 20.Mikula, T., and Jacobsen, R. H., Identity and Access Management with Blockchain in Electronic Healthcare Records. 2018 21st Euromicro Conf Digit Syst Des. 699–706, 2018.Google Scholar
- 21.Novikov, S. P., Kazakov, O. D., Kulagina, N. A., Azarenko, N. Y., Blockchain and Smart Contracts in a Decentralized Health Infrastructure. 2018 IEEE Int Conf "Quality Manag Transp Inf Secur Inf Technol. 697–703, 2018.Google Scholar
- 22.Sun, Y., Zhang, R., Wang, X., Gao, K., and Liu, L., A Decentralizing Attribute-Based Signature for Healthcare Blockchain. 2018 27th Int Conf Comput Commun Networks. 1–9, 2018.Google Scholar
- 23.Tamazirt, L., Alilat, F., and Agoulmine, N.. Blockchain Technology: A new secured Electronic Health Record System. In: 2018 International Workshop on ADVANCEs in ICT Infrastructures and Services (ADVANCE’2018). 134, 2018.Google Scholar
- 27.Zhang, X., and Poslad, S., Blockchain Support for Flexible Queries with Granular Access Control to Electronic Medical Records (EMR). IEEE Int Conf Commun.:1–6, 2018.Google Scholar
- 28.Le Nguyen, T., Blockchain in Healthcare: A New Technology Benefit for Both Patients and Doctors. 2018 Portl Int Conf Manag Eng Technol.:1–6, 2018.Google Scholar