Medical Students’ Efforts to Integrate and/or Reclaim Authentic Identity: Insights from a Mask-Making Exercise
- 122 Downloads
Medical students’ mask-making can provide valuable insights into personal and professional identity formation and wellness. A subset of first- and second-year medical students attending a medical school wellness retreat participated in a mask-making workshop. Faculty-student teams examined student masks and explanatory narratives using visual and textual analysis techniques. A quantitative survey assessed student perceptions of the experience. We identified an overarching theme: “Reconciliation/reclamation of authentic identity.” The combination of nonverbal mask-making and narrative offers rich insights into medical students’ experience and thinking. This activity promoted reflection and self-care, while providing insight regarding personal and professional development.
KeywordsArts and medicine Arts and health Medical education Medical/health humanities
We gratefully acknowledge the medical students who contributed their creative products to this research.
This project received partial funding from the University of California Irvine, School of Medicine Office of Medical Education.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of Interests
Johanna Shapiro declares that she has no conflict of interest. Julie Youm declares that she has no conflict of interest. Michelle Heare declares that she has no conflict of interest. Anju Hurria declares that she has no conflict of interest. Gabriella Miotto declares that she has no conflict of interest. Bao-Nhan Nguyen declares that he has no conflict of interest. Tan Nguyen declares that he has no conflict of interest. Kevin Simonson declares that he has no conflict of interest. Atur Turakhia declares that he has no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- Arendt, Hannah. 1981. The Life of the Mind. Vols. 1 and 2. New York: Mariner Books.Google Scholar
- Boydell, Katherine M., Tiziana Volpe, Susan Cox, Arlene Katz, Reilly Dow, Fern Brunger, Janet Parsons et al. 2012. “Ethical Challenges in Arts-based Health Research.” International Journal of the Creative Arts in Interprofessional Practice 11: 1-17.Google Scholar
- Costello, Carrie Yang. 2005. Professional Identity Crisis: Race, Class, Gender and Success at Professional Schools. Nashville TN: Vanderbilt University Press.Google Scholar
- Crenshaw, Kimberle Williams. 2008. “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color. In The Feminist Philosophy Reader, edited by Alison Bailey and Chris Cuomo, 279-309. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
- Ferrera, Alessandro. 1998. Reflective Authenticity. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Gilligan, Carol, Renee Spencer, M. Weinberg, and Tatiana Bertsch. 2013. “On the Listening Guide: A Voice-centered Relational Method.” In Qualitative Research in Psychology: Expanding Perspectives in Methodology and Design, edited by Paul M. Camic, Jean E. Rhodes, and Lucy Yardley, 157-172. Washington DC, American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
- Goffman, Irving. 1959. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. New York: Anchor.Google Scholar
- Guignon, Charles. 2004. On Being Authentic. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Haidet, Paul, Jodi Jarecke, Nancy E. Adams, Heather L. Stuckey, Michael J. Green, Daniel Shapiro, Cayla R. Teal, and Daniel R. Wolpaw. 2016. “A Guiding Framework to Maximise the Power of the Arts in Medical Education: A Systematic Review and Metasynthesis.” Medical Education 50:320-331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Harter, Susan. 2015. The Construction of the Self: Developmental and Sociocultural Foundations. Guilford Publications.Google Scholar
- Kress, Gunther, and Theo van Leeuwen. 2000. Reading Images: The Grammar of Visual Design. London, Routledge.Google Scholar
- Lafrenière, Darquise, Thierry Hurlimann, Vincent Menuz, and Béatrice Godard. 2012. “Health Research: Ethics and the Use of Arts-based Methods in Knowledge Translation Processes. International Journal of the Creative Arts in Interdisciplinary Practice 11:1-26. http://www.ijcaip.com/archives/IJCAIP-11-paper3.html.Google Scholar
- Malchiodi, Cathy. 2010. “The Healing Arts. Cool Art Therapy Intervention #8: Mask Making 2010.” Accessed December 15, 2017. https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/arts-and-health/201003/cool-art-therapy-intervention-8-mask-making.
- Shapiro, Johanna, John R. Boker, Marianne Ross, Robert J. Leonard, Sarah Mourra, Trung M. Thai, and Vincent P. Nguyen. 2009. “Relationship of Creative Projects in Anatomy to Medical Student Professionalism, Test Performance and Stress: An Exploratory Study.” BMC Medical Education 9:65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Wald, Hedy S., David Anthony, Tom A. Hutchinson, Stephen Liben, Mark Smilovitch, and Anthony A. Donato. 2015. “Professional Identity Formation in Medical Education for Humanistic, Resilient Physicians: Pedagogic Strategies for Bridging Theory to Practice.” Academic Medicine 90:753-760.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Walker, Melissa S., Girija Kaimal, Adele ML Gonzaga, Katherine A. Myers-Coffman, and Thomas J. DeGraba. 2017. “Active-duty Military Service Members’ Visual Representations of PTSD and TBI in Masks. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being 12:1267317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar