Integrated SQUID/Sensor Metallic Magnetic Microcalorimeter for Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy
- 123 Downloads
Metallic magnetic microcalorimeters (MMCs) achieve energy resolution comparable to transition-edge sensors (TESs) but rely on different measurement physics that may allow MMCs to surpass TESs in some future applications. We have recently completed fabrication of new MMC γ-ray detector arrays using several exploratory sensor designs. All designs integrate the SQUID and sensor on the same chip and use a superconducting cap layer on the paramagnet, but explore different combinations of combined/separate sensing and magnetization coils and direct/flux transformer coupling to the input SQUIDs. This report describes the design and initial testing of one of these devices, which has so far demonstrated an energy resolution of 38 eV at 60 keV near 10 mK using natural-abundance silver–erbium paramagnet.
KeywordsMMC Metallic magnetic calorimeter Gamma-ray spectroscopy
S.B. thanks the UNM Center for Advanced Research Computing for their ongoing support. This work was funded by the U.S. DOE Office of Non-proliferation R&D (NA-22) under Grant LL16-MagMicro-PD2La. It was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344.
- 1.D. Hengstler, M. Keller, C. Schötz, J. Geist, M. Krantz, S. Kempf, L. Gastaldo, A. Fleischmann, T. Gassner, G. Weber, R. Märtin, Th Stöhlker, C. Enss, Phys. Scr. 2015, 014054 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-8949/2015/t166/014054 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 4.A. Fleischmann, C. Enss, G.M. Seidel, Metallic magnetic calorimeters, in Cryogenic Particle Detection, ed. by C. Enss (Springer, Berlin, 2005), pp. 151–216Google Scholar
- 6.M.K. Bacrania, A.S. Hoover, P.J. Karpius, M.W. Rabin, C.R. Rudy, D.T. Vo, J.A. Beall, D.A. Bennett, W.B. Doriese, G.C. Hilton, R.D. Horansky, K.D. Irwin, N. Jethava, E. Sassi, J.N. Ullom, L.R. Vale, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 56(4), 2299–2302 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1109/TNS.2009.2022754 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar