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Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 193, Issue 1–2, pp 21–38 | Cite as

Effective Interaction in a Non-Fermi Liquid Conductor and Spin Correlations in Under-Doped Cuprates

  • Suraka Bhattacharjee
  • Ranjan Chaudhury
Article
  • 31 Downloads

Abstract

The effective interaction between the itinerant spin degrees of freedom in the paramagnetic phases of hole-doped quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnets is investigated theoretically, based on the single-band \(t{-}J\) model on 1D lattice, at zero temperature. The effective spin–spin interaction for this model in the strong correlation limit is studied in terms of the generalized spin stiffness constant as a function of doping concentration. The plot of this generalized spin stiffness constant against doping shows a very high value of stiffness in the vicinity of zero doping and a very sharp fall with increase in doping concentration, signifying the rapid decay of original coupling of semi-localized spins in the system. Quite interestingly, this plot also shows a maximum occurring at a finite value of doping, which strongly suggests the tendency of the itinerant spins to couple again in the unconventional paramagnetic phase. As the doping is further increased, this new coupling is also suppressed and the spin response becomes analogous to almost Pauli-like. The last two predictions of ours are quite novel and may be directly tested by independent experiments and computational techniques in future. Our results in general receive good support from other theoretical works and experimental results extracted from the chains of \(\hbox {YBa}_2\hbox {Cu}_3\hbox {O}_{6+x}\).

Keywords

\(t{-}J\) model Strongly correlated systems Non-Fermi liquid Spin–spin interaction Spin stiffness constant Magnetic coupling Itinerant spins 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Condensed Matter Physics and Material SciencesS.N. Bose National Centre for Basic SciencesKolkataIndia

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