Observations on Thermal Coupling of Silicon Oscillators in Cryogen-Free Dilution Refrigerators
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Silicon double-paddle oscillators (DPOs) have been successfully used for measuring the elastic properties of amorphous films down to 10 mK (see, e.g., Fefferman et al. in (J Low Temp Phys 187:654, 2017); Liu et al. in (Phys Rev Lett 113:025503, 2014). Until now, our group has used a wet dilution refrigerator for the lowest temperature measurements. We present measurements taken on a BlueFors cryogen-free dilution refrigerator that demonstrate an extreme sensitivity of the thermal coupling of the DPO to its environment. These measurements show that it is necessary to enclose the DPO in a shield at the mixing chamber (MXC) temperature. Any gaps in the shield limit its effectiveness, even if there is no line-of-sight path to the DPO. In the absence of a cryogenic hermetic shield surrounding the DPO, turning off the pulse tube while maintaining the MXC and still temperatures leads to heating of the DPO. This demonstrates that any heating of the sample due to pulse tube vibrations is a less important effect.
KeywordsMechanical resonators Cryogen-free Amorphous solids
We acknowledge support from the ERC StG Grant UNIGLASS No. 714692 and ERC CoG Grant ULT-NEMS No. 647917 and from the US Office of Naval Research.
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