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Efficacy of Novel NaX/MgO–TiO2 Zeolite Nanocomposite for the Adsorption of Methyl Orange (MO) Dye: Isotherm, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies

  • Daryoush Mirzaei
  • Abedin ZabardastiEmail author
  • Yaghoub Mansourpanah
  • Meysam Sadeghi
  • Saeed Farhadi
Article
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Abstract

The current study focuses on using the NaX/MgO–TiO2 zeolite nanocomposite for the adsorption of methyl orange (MO) organic dye from aqueous solution. For this purpose, MgO–TiO2 nanoparticles were firstly supported on the NaX zeolite using the ultrasound-assisted dispersion method at 450 °C. The obtained nanocomposite was well characterized by Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray dot-mapping, Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR). The UV–Vis results proved that MO was adsorbed on the nanocomposite after 35 min at 45 °C with a yield more than 95%. The different factors such as pH, adsorbent dose, contact time, adsorbent type, and initial concentration was applied to investigate the adsorption efficiency of NaX/MgO–TiO2 nanocomposite for the adsorption of MO dye. Also, Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin isotherm models were examined. The experimental adsorption isotherm was successfully verified by the Langmuir model with a maximum adsorption capacity 53.76 mg g−1 of MO on the NaX/MgO–TiO2 nanocomposite. The reaction kinetic was evaluated by employing the pseudo-first and second-orders models. The adsorption kinetic fit pseudo-second-order model. In addition, the investigation of the thermodynamic parameters including \(\Delta G^{O}\),\(\Delta H^{O}\), and \(\Delta S^{O}\) indicated that adsorption reaction of MO was spontaneous, revealing physicochemical adsorption properties and endothermic process.

Graphic Abstract

Keywords

NaX/MgO–TiO2 Nanocomposite Ultrasound-assisted dispersion Adsorption Methyl orange dye 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors give their sincere thanks to the Cental lab of Lorestan University, khorramabad Iran for all supports.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daryoush Mirzaei
    • 1
  • Abedin Zabardasti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yaghoub Mansourpanah
    • 1
  • Meysam Sadeghi
    • 1
  • Saeed Farhadi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryLorestan UniversityKhorramabadIran

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