Preparation and Adsorption Properties of Lanthanum Ion MCM-41 Imprinted Polymers

  • Xiaogang Liu 
  • Yuwen Cheng 
  • Xiu Wang 
  • Minglei Tian 
  • Xiancai Li Email author
  • Yifeng Yang 


Using 3-chloropropyltriethoxysilane as an anchor, the functional monomer linear polyethylenimine(PEI) was grafted on the surface of mesoporous MCM-41. La3+ was selected as the template ion and epichlorohydrin was used as the crosslinker. A lanthanum ion MCM-41 imprinted polymer (La(III)-IIP-PEI/MCM-41) was prepared, and a non-ion-imprinted polymer (NIP-PEI/MCM-41) was arranged in the same manner. The La3+ surface imprinted polymer was characterized by means of infrared spectrometer, thermogravimetric(TG) analyzer, and scanning electron microscope(SEM). The optimal adsorption conditions and selective adsorption properties of La(III)-IIP-PEI/MCM-41 for La3+ were determined by static adsorption method and adsorption performance. Experiments show that the maximum adsorption capacity of La(III)-IIP-PEI/MCM-41 can reach 212.69 mg g1. Adsorption equilibrium can be reached at 30 min. Quasi-second-order kinetic model can be used to describe its adsorption mechanism. La(III)-IIP-PEI/MCM-41 also has a strong selectivity for La3+.


Lanthanum ion Surface ion imprinted polymer Polyethyleneimine Selectivity 



Project supported by the Nature Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51664042).


  1. 1.
    R. Kala, J. Mary Gladis, T. Prasada Rao, Preconcentrative separation of erbium from Y, Dy, Ho, Tband Tm by using ion imprinted polymer particles via solid phase extraction. Anal. Chim. Acta 518, 143–150 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jiajia Guo, Jibao Cai, Su Qingde, Ion imprinted polymer particles of neodymium: synthesis, characterization and selective recognition. J. Rare Earths 27, 22–27 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Xiuli Yang, Junwei Zhang, Recovery of rare earth from ion-adsorption rare earth ores with a compound lixiviant. Sep. Purif. Technol. 142, 203–208 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Takeshi Ogata, Hirokazu Narita, Mikiya Tanaka, Adsorption behavior of rare earth elements on silica gel modified with diglycol amic acid[J]. Hydrometallurgy 152, 178–182 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    W. Wang, Y. Li, B. Gao et al., Effective removal of Fe(II) impurity from rare earth solution using surface imprinted polymer. Chem. Eng. Res. Des. 91, 2759–2764 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. Gao, Y. Zhang, Y. Xu et al., Study on recognition and separation of rare earth ions at picometre scale by using efficient ion-surface imprinted polymer materials. Hydrometallurgy 150, 83–91 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. Wang, J. Wei, J. Li et al., Straw-supported ion imprinted polymer sorbent prepared by surface imprinting technique combined with AGET ATRP for selective adsorption of La3+ ions. Chem. Eng. J 293, 24–33 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Li, C. Feng, M. Li et al., Synthesis and application of a surface-grafted In (III) ion-imprinted polymer for selective separation and pre-concentration of indium (III) ion from aqueous solution. Hydrometallurgy 154, 63–71 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Liao, W. Zhang, L. Wei et al., Adsorption characteristics, recognition properties, and preliminary application of nordihydroguaiaretic acid molecularly imprinted polymers prepared by sol–gel surface imprinting technology. Appl. Surf. Sci. 364, 579–588 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Fasihi, M. Shamsipur, A. Khanchi et al., Imprinted polymer grafted from silica particles for on-line trace enrichment and ICP OES determination of uranyl ion. Microchem. J. 126, 316–321 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    W. Wang, Y. Li, B. Gao et al., Effective removal of Fe(II) impurity from rare earth solutionusing surface imprinted polymer. Chem. Eng. Res. Des. 91, 2759–2764 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    T. Kameda, M. Umetsu, S. Kumagai et al., New principals on the adsorption of alkyl compound by Mg–Al oxide: adsorption kinetics and equilibrium studies. Colloids Surf. A 513, 348–354 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    T. Kameda, T. Shinmyou, T. Yoshioka, Kinetics and equilibrium studies on the uptake of Nd3 + by Zn–Al layered double hydroxide intercalated with triethylenetetramine-hexaacetic acid. Mater. Chem. Phys. 191, 96–98 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    G.A. Adebisi, P.A. Alaba, Equilibrium, kinetic, and thermodynamic studies of lead ion and zinc ion adsorption from aqueous solution onto activated carbon prepared from palm oil mill effluent. J. Cleaner Prod. 148, 958–968 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    E. Asuquo, A. Martin, P. Nzerem et al., Adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions using mesoporous activated carbon adsorbent: equilibrium, kinetics and characterisation studies. J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 5(1), 679–698 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y. Shao, X. Wang, Y. Kang et al., Application of Mn/MCM-41 as an adsorbent to remove methyl blue from aqueous solution. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 429(9), 25–33 (2014)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    H. Bai, Q. Zhang, T. He et al., Adsorption dynamics, diffusion and isotherm models of poly(NIPAm/LMSH) nanocomposite hydrogels for the removal of anionic dye Amaranth from an aqueous solution. Appl. Clay Sci. 124–125, 157–166 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A.A. Taha, M.A. Shreadah, A.M. Ahmed et al., Multi-component adsorption of Pb(II), Cd(II), and Ni(II) onto Egyptian Na-activated bentonite; equilibrium, kinetics, thermodynamics, and application for seawater desalination. J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 4(1), 1166–1180 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Y. Zhu, H. Liu, T. Chen et al., Kinetics and thermodynamics of Eu(III) adsorption onto synthetic monoclinic pyrrhotite. J. Mol. Liquids 218, 565–570 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    M.A. Shaker, Adsorption of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) ions onto chitosan-modified poly(methacrylate) nanoparticles: dynamics, equilibrium and thermodynamics studies. J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng. 57, 111–122 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S.S. Madan, K.L. Wasewar, C.R. Kumar, Adsorption kinetics, thermodynamics, and equilibrium of α-toluic acid onto calcium peroxide nanoparticles. Adv. Powder Technol. 27(5), 2112–2120 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaogang Liu 
    • 1
  • Yuwen Cheng 
    • 1
  • Xiu Wang 
    • 1
  • Minglei Tian 
    • 1
  • Xiancai Li 
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yifeng Yang 
    • 1
  1. 1.College of ChemistryNanchang UniversityNanchangChina

Personalised recommendations