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Nanoarchitectonics for Nanocarbon Assembly and Composite

  • Subrata Maji
  • Lok Kumar Shrestha
  • Katsuhiko ArigaEmail author
Review Paper
  • 91 Downloads

Abstract

An emerging concept, nanoarchitectonics, raises the stage of nanotechnology to materials productions with nanoscale precisions through inclusion of the other research fields. In this review article, we exemplify nanocarbon assembly and composite as successful products of the nanoarchitectonics concept. Nanocarbon materials are representative objects to demonstrate the wide possibilities of functional varieties through structural fabrication using uni-elemental zero-dimensional objects such as fullerenes, one-dimensional carbon nanotube, two-dimensional graphene, and three dimensional assemblies and composites. Here, several related examples are introduced according to classification with (i) self-assembly mainly with liquid–liquid interfacial precipitation, (ii) process-based assembly mainly with layer-by-layer assembly, and (iii) composite formation mainly with metal oxides. The research efforts in self-assembly and process-assembly somehow still stay at challenging and basic stages. In contrast, research examples on composites of nanocarbon materials with various metal oxides are aiming to practical applications especially in energy-related applications, but the latter composite approaches do not have features of precise structure controls, yet. Therefore, more aggressive introduction of the nanoarchitectonics concept to these practical composite approaches is necessary for further possibilities to create materials with much more advanced performances.

Keywords

Composites Layer-by-layer assembly Metal oxide Nanoarchitectonics Self-assembly 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was partially supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP16H06518 (Coordination Asymmetry) and CREST JST Grant Number JPMJCR1665.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subrata Maji
    • 1
  • Lok Kumar Shrestha
    • 1
  • Katsuhiko Ariga
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.WPI Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (MANA)National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS)TsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Advanced Materials Science, Graduate School of Frontier SciencesThe University of TokyoKashiwaJapan

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