Synthesis and Characterization of CdTiO3@S Composite: Investigation of Photocatalytic Activity for the Degradation of Crystal Violet Under Sun Light

  • Tayebeh Tavakoli-Azar
  • Ali Reza MahjoubEmail author
  • Mirabdullah Seyed Sadjadi
  • Nazanin Farhadyar
  • Moayad Hossaini Sadr


CdTiO3 was synthesized by hydrothermal method at low temperature of 180 °C for 24 h. CdTiO3@S composite with plate-like morphology was synthesized by mixing CdTiO3 and S powder under post-annealing at 600 °C for 2 h. The as-synthesized samples were investigated by techniques XRD, FE-SEM, EDS, TEM, FT-IR, TG-DSC, BET. The results showed that the synthesized of CdTiO3@S composite has led to the creation of defects and skew deviations in crystalline lattice. Optical properties and photocatalytic activity were studied using DRS and UV–Vis spectrophotometer. UV–Vis DRS indicated absorption peaks extended towards visible region. Band gap energy values were determined by Tauc plot for direct transitions which the values of 3.28 eV and 2.75 eV were obtained for CdTiO3 and CdTiO3@S respectively. Photocatalyst performance of CdTiO3 and CdTiO3@S were carried out for the degradation of crystal violet (CV) under natural sunlight. The results showed that the degradation efficiency of CdTiO3@S composite (99%) was better than that of pure CdTiO3 (35%), which is due to the presence of narrow band gap energy of CdTiO3@S. The effect of examining different photocatalytic parameters indicated that, photocatalytic activity of CdTiO3@S composite increases with decreasing CV dye concentration, increasing the photocatalyst dosage and in acidic pH. Kinetics studies have shown that the degradation of CV by the as-synthesized of photocatalysts follows the pseudo-first-order kinetics and the rate constant achieved for CdTiO3@S (k = 76.10−4 min−1) was much greater than of CdTiO3 (k = 4.10−4 min−1).


CdTiO3@S Crystal violet Photocatalyst Hydrothermal Degradation Sunlight 



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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryScience and Research Branch, Islamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Basic SciencesTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryVaramin-Pishva Branch, Islamic Azad UniversityVaraminIran
  4. 4.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceAzarbaijan Shahid Madani UniversityTabrizIran

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