Innovative Synthesis of Nickel Nanoparticles in Polystyrene Matrix with Enhanced Optical and Magnetic Properties

  • G. M. El komyEmail author
  • H. Abomostafa
  • A. A. Azab
  • M. M. Selim


The effect of Ni nanoparticles addition on some optical and magnetic properties of polystyrene has been studied. For this purpose, Ni nanoparticles were synthesized by reduction method and added to polystyrene as a filler with different weight percentages (3, 5, 8 and 10 wt%) to form Ni–PS composite films. The films have been prepared by solution casting method. The structure of the prepared films were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), where the obtained results reveals the existence of cubic phase structure of Ni nanoparticles embedded in semi crystalline PS matrix. The morphology of the synthesized Ni nanoparticles was described by high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM). The individual Ni nanoparticles were needle like shaped particles while the agglomerated nanoparticles form sphere like shaped particles. The surface of the prepared Ni–PS composite films was examined by field emission electron microscope (FESEM).The optical properties of composite films was examined by UV–Vis technique. The transmittance was found to decrease while the absorbance increases with increasing the weight percent of nickel nanoparticles. The absorption coefficient, optical band gap, and extinction coefficient of the composite films were calculated. The results revealed a decrease in range from (4.54 to 3.91 eV), and an increase in both absorption coefficient, and extinction coefficient with increasing Ni nanoparticles. Magnetic hysteresis plots at room temperature of composites Ni–PS were studied. All samples demonstrate ferromagnetic behavior with well pronounced magnetic hysteresis except pure PS showed diamagnetic behavior. The exchange bias effect at room temperature was observed and discussed for Ni–PS composite films.


Composite materials Nickel nanoparticles Polystyrene Optical and magnetic properties 



  1. 1.
    C.M. Wang, C.Y. Chen, W.S. Liao, Chim. Acta. 963, 93–98 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Zhang, B. Wang, J. Qiu, D. Hui, S. Wang, Composites B. 122, 145–155 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M.V. Patwadkar, C.S. Gopinath, M.V. Badiger, RSC. Adv. 5, 7567 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    G.N. Smith, J.E. Hallett, P. Joesph, S.T. McNally, T. Zhang, F.D. Blum, J. Eastoe, Polym. J. 49, 711–719 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M.H. Naveen, N.G. Gurudatt, Y.B. Shim, Appl. Mater. 9, 419–433 (2017)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A.M. Amanulla, S.K.J. Shahina, C.M. Magdalane, K. Kaviyarasu, D. Letsholathebe, S.B. Mohamed, J. Kenned, M. Maaza, J. Photochem. Photobiol. B 183, 233–241 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    K. Kaviyarasu, P.P. Murmu, J. Kennedy, F.T. Thema, D. Letsholathebe, L. Kotsedi, M. Maaza, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 409, 147–152 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    T. Prakash, G.V.M. Williams, J. Kennedy, S. Rubanov, J. Alloys Compd. 667, 255–261 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Shaffer, K. Koziol, Chem. Commun. 18, 2074 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.P. Walker, S.A. Asher, Anal. Chem. 77, 1596 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    G.V.M. Williams, T. Prakash, J. Kennedy, S.V. Chong, S. Rubanov, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 460, 229–233 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. Thanigai Arul, E. Manikandan, P.P. Murmu, J. Kennedy, M. Henini, J. Alloys Compd. 720, 395–400 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Majhi, R. Choudhary, M. Majhi, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 456, 40–48 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. Abomostafa, S.A. Gad, A.I. Khalaf, J. Inorg. Organomet. Polym Mater. 28, 2759–2769 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. Abomostafa, G.M. Elkomy, J. Inorg. Organomet. Polym. Mater. (2019). Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. Meftah, E. Gharibshahi, N. Soltani, W. Yunus, E. Saion, Polymers 6, 2436–2450 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    H. Yon, J. Lee, D.W. Park, C.K. Hong, S.F. Shim, Coll. Polym. Sci. 288, 613 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    D.-H. Chen, C.-H. Hsieh, J. Mater. Chem. 12, 2412–2415 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Y. Chen, D.L. Peng, D. Lin, X. Luo, Nanotechnology (2007). Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. Manikandan, L.J. Kennedy, M. Bououdina, J.J. Vijaya, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 349, 249–258 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    T.D. Schladt, K. Schneider, H. Schild, W. Tremel, Dalton Trans. 40, 6315 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. Sláma, A. Grusková, R. Vícen, S. Vícenová, R. Dosoudil, J. Franek, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 254–255, 642–645 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    R.P. Pant, Rashmi, R.M. Krishna, P.S. Negi, K. Ravat, U. Dhawan, S.K. Gupta, D.K. Suri, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 149(1–2), 10–13 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    R. Villalonga, M.L. Villalonga, P. Díeza, J.M. Pingarrón, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 12858 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Z. Wang, T. Wang, M. Fang, C. Wang, Y. Xiao, Y. Pu, Compos. Sci. Technol. (2017). Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    T. Hyeon, Chem. Commun. 8, 927–934 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    J. Zhang, C.Q. Lan, Mater. Lett. 62, 1521–1524 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    X. Luo, Y. Chen, G.H. Yue, D.L. Peng, X. Luo, J. Alloys Compd. 476, 864–868 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    F. Davar, Z. Fereshteh, M. Salavati-Niasari, J. Alloys Compd. 476, 797–801 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    W. Xu, K.Y. Liew, H. Liu, T. Huang, C. Sun, Y. Zhao, Mater. Lett. 62, 2571–2573 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    G.G. Couto, J.J. Klein, W.H. Schreiner, D.H. Mosca, A.J. de Oliveira, A.J. Zarbin, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 311, 461–468 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    W.N. Wang, Y. Itoh, I.W. Lenggoro, K. Okuyama, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 111, 69–76 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    E. Kauffeldt, T. Kauffeldt, J. Nanopart. Res. 8, 477–488 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    E.R. Beach, K. Shqau, S.E. Brown, S.J. Rozeveld, P.A. Morris, Mater. Chem. Phys. 115, 371–377 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    A. Aslani, V. Oroojpour, M. Fallahi, Appl. Surf. Sci. 257, 4056–4061 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    D.H. Chen, S.H. Wu, Chem. Mater. 12, 1354–1360 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    L. Shen, Q. Du, H. Wang, W. Zhong, Y. Yang, Polym. Int. 53, 1153 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    D.W. Chae, B.C. Kim, Polym. Adv. Technol. 16, 846 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    S.M. Safiullah, K.A. Wasi, K.A. Basha, Polymer 66, 29 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    I. Gill, Chem. Mater. 13, 3404 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    X. Huang, P. Jiang, L. Xie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 8–11 (2009)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    R.E. Geer, O.V. Kolosov, G.A.D. Briggs, G.S. Shekhawat, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4549–4555 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    L. Zhang, W. Wang, X. Wang, P. Bass, Z.Y. Cheng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 1–5 (2013)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    X. Zeng, L. Deng, Y. Yao, R. Sun, J. Xu, C. Wong, J. Mater. Chem. C. 4, 6037–6044 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    D. Shi, P. He, P. Zhao, F.F. Guo, F. Wang, C. Huth, X. Chaud, s Bud’ko, j Lian, Compos. Part B 42, 1532–1538 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    D.F. Swinehart, J. Chem. Educ. 39(7), 333 (1962). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    J. Tauc, A. Menth, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 569, 8 (1972)Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    N. Chopra, A. Mansingh, G.K. Chadha, J. Non-Cryst. 126, 194–201 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Y. Hou, H. Kondoh, T. Ohta, S. Gao, Appl. Surf. Sci. 241, 218 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    D.E. Zhang, X.M. Ni, H.G. Zheng, Y. Li, X.J. Zhang, Z.P. Yang, Mater. Lett. 59, 2011 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Y. Nie, T. Hao, Z. Gu, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Zhang, Y. Wei, S. Li, Z. Zhou, J. Phys. Chem. B. 121, 1426–1437 (2017). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    A. Shamiri, M.H. Chakrabarti, S. Jahan, M. Azlan Hussain, W. Kaminsky, P.V. Aravind, W.A. Yehye, Materials 7, 5069–5108 (2014). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Y. Nie, J. Sun, W. Yin, L. Wang, Z. Shi, H. Schumann, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 120, 3530–3535 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    H. Abomostafa, G.M. El komy, S.A. Gad, M.M. Selim, J. Appl. Phys. 10(5), 47–56 (2018)Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    R.G. Kadhim, World Sci. News 30, 14–25 (2016)Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    K. Samanta, P. Bhattacharya, R. Katiyar, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 113929 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    C. Kan, C. Wang, J. Zhu, H. Li, J. Solid State Chem. 183, 858–865 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    A. El-Khodary, Phys. B 405, 4245 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    S. Mahendia, A.K. Tomara, S. Kumar, J. Alloys Compd. 508, 406–411 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    V.S. Sangawar, R.J. Dhokne, A.U. Ubale, P.S. Chikhalikar, S.D. Meshram, Bull. Mater. Sci. 30, 163–166 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    L. Bi, A.R. Taussig, H.-S. Kim et al., Phys. Rev. B 10, 104106 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Y. Zhang, Q. Shuhua, F. Zhang, Y. Yang, G. Duan, Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 732–737 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    S.A. Ozerin, A.Y. Vdovichenko, D.R. Streltsov et al., J. Phys. Chem. Solids 111, 245–253 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    B. Aslibeiki, P. Kameli, M.H. Ehsani et al., J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 399, 236–244 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    A.A. Azab, S.I. El-Dek, S. Solyman, J. Alloys Compd. 656, 987–991 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    M.A. Ahmed, H.H. Afify, I.K. El Zawawi, A.A. Azab, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 324, 2199–2204 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    A.A. Azab, S. Albaaj, J. Ovonic Res. 11, 195–201 (2015)Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    S. Zawar, S. Atiq, S. Riaz, S. Naseem, Superlattices Microstruct. 93, 50–56 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    X. Wang, M. Zhu, L.K. Koopal, W. Li, W. Xu, F. Liu, J. Zhang, Q. Liu, X. Feng, D.L. Sparks, Environ. Sci. Nano 3, 190–202 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    A.E. Berkowitz, K. Takano, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 200, 552–570 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    W.H. Meikleohn, C.P. Bean, Phys. Rev. 102, 1413–1414 (1956)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Y.K. Tang, Y. Sun, Z.H. Cheng, J. Appl. Phys. 100, 023914 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    P. Hajra, S. Basu, S. Dutta, P. Brahma, D. Chakravorty, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 321, 2269–2275 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    G. Salazar-Alvarez, J. Sort, S. Surinach, M.D. Baro, J. Nogues, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 9102–9108 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    D.W. Kavich, J.H. Dickerson, S.V. Mahajan, S.A. Hasan, J.H. Park, Phys. Rev. B 78, 174414 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    D. Fiorania, L. Del Bianco, A.M. Testa, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 300, 179–184 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    R.D. Desautels, E. Skoropata, Y.-Y. Chen, H. Ouyang, J.W. Freeland, J. van Lierop, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 262501 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    K. Liu, J. Nogués, C. Leighton, H. Masuda, K. Nishio, I.V. Roshchin, I.K. Schuller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4434–4436 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    R.H. Kodama, A.E. Berkowitz, E.J. McNiff Jr., S. Foner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 394–397 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    G.F. Goya, H.R. Rechenberg, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 203, 141–142 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    B. Martinez, X. Obradors, L. Balcells, A. Rouanet, C. Monty, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 181–184 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    K. Nadeem, H. Krenn, T. Traussing, I. Letofsky-Papst, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 013912 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    B. Pal, S. Dhara, P.K. Giri, D. Sarkar, J. Alloys Compd. 647, 558–565 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. M. El komy
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • H. Abomostafa
    • 3
  • A. A. Azab
    • 4
  • M. M. Selim
    • 5
  1. 1.Electron Microscope and Thin Films Department, Research Physics DivisionNational Research CentreGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Physical Science Department, Rabigh-College of Science and ArtKing Abdulaziz UniversityRabighSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Faculty of Science, Physics DepartmentMenoufia UniversityShebin ElkomEgypt
  4. 4.Solid State Physics Department, Research Physics DivisionNational Research CentreGizaEgypt
  5. 5.Physical Chemistry DepartmentNational Research CentreGizaEgypt

Personalised recommendations