In Situ Ion Exchange Synthesis of Cauliflower-like AgBr/Ag3PO4/Sulfonated Polystyrene Sphere Heterojunction Photocatalyst With Enhanced Photocatalytic Activity

  • Qingjie TangEmail author
  • Wenrong Wu
  • Huoli Zhang
  • Junzhi Luo
  • Bingyao Zhang
  • Xiangkun Guo
  • Jianbo Jia
  • Jianliang Cao


The cauliflower-like AgBr/Ag3PO4/sulfonated polystyrene sphere (SPS) heterojunction photocatalyst was prepared using wastewater containing silver ion and SPS as raw materials via in situ ion change method. The AgBr/Ag3PO4/SPS photocatalyst was characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and UV–Vis diffuse reflectance spectra (UV–Vis DRS). The results showed that AgBr nanoparticles and Ag3PO4 nanoparticles are highly dispersed on the surface of sulfonated polystyrene. And the heterogeneous junction structures are also formed between AgBr and Ag3PO4, which is benefit for the separation of photogenerated electrons and holes. Hence, the AgBr/Ag3PO4/SPS photocatalyst had an excellent activity for photocatalytic degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) in water under visible light irradiation. The cyclic test results showed that the AgBr/Ag3PO4/SPS photocatalyst also had a good stability.


AgBr/Ag3PO4/SPS Polymeric composite Functional material Semiconductor 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. U1704146), and Supported by the research fund of Henan Key Laboratory of Coal Green Conversion (Henan Polytechnic University).


  1. 1.
    B. Yang, H. Xu, S. Yang, S. Bi, F. Li, C. Shen, C. Ma, Q. Tian, J. Liu, X. Song, W. Sand, Y. Liu, Treatment of industrial dyeing wastewater with a pilot-scale strengthened circulation anaerobic reactor. Bioresour. Technol. 9, 264 (2018)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. Hu, S. Shang, X. Tao, S. Jiang, K. Chiu, Regeneration and reuse of highly polluting textile dyeing effluents through catalytic ozonation with carbon aerogel catalysts. J. Clean. Prod. 11, 137 (2016)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    C. Ma, X. Wu, Z. Liu, Performance and fouling characterization of a five-bore hollow fiber membrane in a membrane bioreactor for the treatment of printing and dyeing wastewater. Text. Res. J. 1, 87 (2017)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Djafer, L. Djafer, B. Maimoun, A. Lddou, S. Kouadri Mostefai, A. Ayral, Reuse of waste activated sludge for textile dyeing wastewater treatment by biosorption: performance optimization and comparison. Water Environ. J. 1, 31 (2017)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    B. Mella, B.S.C. Barcellos, D.E. da Silva Costa, M. Gutterres, Treatment of leather dyeing wastewater with associated process of coagulation-flocculation/adsorption/ozonation. Ozone: Sci. Eng. 40(2), 133–140 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Cao, B. Luo, H. Lin, B. Xu, S. Chen, Visible light photocatalytic activity enhancement and mechanism of AgBr/Ag3PO4 hybrids for degradation of methyl orange. J. Hazard. Mater. 5, 217 (2012)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Gao, H. Yang, J. Xu, S. Zhang, J. Li, Strongly coupled g-C3N4 Nanosheets-Co3O4 quantum dots as 2D/0D heterostructure composite for peroxymonosulfate activation. Small 31, 14 (2018)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Zhang, H. Gao, Y. Huang, X. Wang, T. Hayat, J. Li, X. Xu, X. Wang, Ultrathin g-C3N4 nanosheets coupled with amorphous Cu-doped FeOOH nanoclusters as 2D/0D heterogeneous catalysts for water remediation. Environ. Sci.: Nano 5, 5 (2018)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Zhang, H. Yang, H. Huang, H. Gao, X. Wang, R. Cao, J. Li, X. Xu, X. Wang, Unexpected ultrafast and high adsorption capacity of oxygen vacancy-rich WOx/C nanowire networks for aqueous Pb2+ and methylene blue removal. J. Mater. Chem. A 30, 5 (2017)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    C. Li, H. Wang, D. Lu, W. Wu, J. Ding, X. Zhao, R. Xiong, M. Yang, P. Wu, F. Chen, P. Fang, Visible-light-driven water splitting from dyeing wastewater using Pt surface-dispersed TiO2-based nanosheets. J. Alloys Compd. 5, 699 (2017)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Q. Chen, Y. Zhang, D. Zhang, Y. Yang, Ag and N co-doped TiO2 nanostructured photocatalyst for printing and dyeing wastewater. J. Water Process Eng. 4, 16 (2017)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. Huang, N. Huang, Z. Wang, G. Xia, M. Chen, L. He, Z. Tong, C. Ren, Room-temperature synthesis of carnation-like ZnO@AgI hierarchical nanostructures assembled by AgI nanoparticles-decorated ZnO nanosheets with enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 9, 502 (2017)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Shu, Z. Wang, G. Xia, Y. Zheng, L. Yang, W. Zhang, One-pot synthesis of AgCl@Ag hybrid photocatalyst with high photocatalytic activity and photostability under visible light and sunlight irradiation. Chem. Eng. J. 9, 252 (2014)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    X. Wang, M. Utsumi, Y. Yang, D. Li, Y. Zhao, Z. Zhang, C. Feng, N. Sugiura, J.J. Cheng, Degradation of microcystin-LR by highly efficient AgBr/Ag3PO4/TiO2 heterojunction photocatalyst under simulated solar light irradiation. Appl. Surf. Sci. 1, 325 (2015)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    C. Jia, X. Xie, M. Ge, Y. Zhao, H. Zhang, Z. Li, G. Cui, In situ ion exchange preparation of AgBr/Ag3PO4/HAP nanocomposite photocatalyst with enhanced visible light photocatalytic performance. Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 8, 36 (2015)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    B. Song, Q. Tang, W. Wu, T. Shao, Q. Li, J. Cao, M. Ma, A novel in-situ synthesis and enhanced photocatalytic performance of Ag/AgBr/Ag2O/sulfonated polystyrene sphere heterostructure photocatalyst. Mater. Lett. 12, 208 (2017)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    B. Song, Q. Tang, Q. Li, W. Wu, H. Zhang, J. Cao, M. Ma, A novel in-situ synthesis and enhanced photocatalytic performance of Ag/AgI/AgBr/Sulfonated polystyrene heterostructure photocatalyst. Mater. Lett. 12, 209 (2017)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Y. Gong, Y. Wang, G. Sun, T. Jia, L. Jia, F. Zhang, L. Lin, B. Zhang, J. Cao, Z. Zhang, Carbon nitride decorated ball-flower like Co3O4 hybrid composite: hydrothermal synthesis and ethanol gas sensing application. Nanomaterials 8, 132 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Z. Jinfeng, Z. Tao, Preparation and characterization of highly efficient and stable visible-light-responsive photocatalyst AgBr/Ag3PO4. J. Nanomater. 1, 2013 (2013)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Z. Yi, J. Ye, N. Kikugawa, T. Kako, S. Ouyang, H. Stuart-Williams, H. Yang, J. Cao, W. Luo, Z. Li, Y. Liu, & R. L. Withers, An orthophosphate semiconductor with photooxidation properties under visible-light irradiation. Nat. Mater. 7, 9 (2010)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    H. Katsumata, T. Hayashi, M. Taniguchi, T. Suzuki, S. Kaneco, Highly efficient visible-light driven AgBr/Ag3PO4 hybrid photocatalyst with enhanced photocatalytic activity. Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 9, 25 (2014)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    C. Pan, Y. Zhu, New type of BiPO4 oxy-acid salt photocatalyst with high photocatalytic activity on degradation of dye. Environ. Sci. Technol. 14, 44 (2010)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    J. He, L. Chen, D. Ding, Y. Yang, C. Au, S. Yin, Facile fabrication of novel Cd3(C3N3S3)2/CdS porous composites and their photocatalytic performance for toluene selective oxidation under visible light irradiation. Appl. Catal. B 10, 233 (2018)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    T. Wang, X. Liu, Q. Men, C. Ma, Y. Liu, Z. Liu, P. Huo, C. Li, Y. Yan, Green synthesis g-C3N4 quantum dots loading h-BN for efficient and stable photocatalytic performance. J. Mol. Liq. 10, 268 (2018)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. He, J. Zhou, H. Fu, S. Zhang, C. Jiang, Room-temperature in situ fabrication of Bi2O3/g-C3N4 direct Z-scheme photocatalyst with enhanced photocatalytic activity. Appl. Surf. Sci. 2, 430 (2018)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qingjie Tang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wenrong Wu
    • 1
  • Huoli Zhang
    • 1
  • Junzhi Luo
    • 1
  • Bingyao Zhang
    • 1
  • Xiangkun Guo
    • 1
  • Jianbo Jia
    • 1
  • Jianliang Cao
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan Key Laboratory of Coal Green ConversionHenan Polytechnic UniversityJiaozuoChina

Personalised recommendations