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Synthesis and Characterization of Porous Carbon/Nickel Oxide Nanocomposites for Gas Storage and Negatronic Devices

  • N. Ben MansourEmail author
  • W. Djeridi
  • L. El Mir
Article
  • 30 Downloads

Abstract

Porous organic/inorganic nanocomposites were synthesized by sol–gel technique after the incorporation of nickel oxide (NiO) nanoparticles in carbon composite based on pyrogallol and formaldehyde (PF) using picric acid as catalyst. After a drying step, the samples were heated during 2 h at different pyrolysis temperatures from 600 to 1000 °C in tubular furnace under nitrogen atmosphere. The XRD pattern exhibit that PF composite is amorphous even after thermal treatment at 1000 °C. On the other hand, the PF/NiO nanocomposites are crystallized with the appearance of the graphite structure at high pyrolysis temperature. The gas adsorption capacities for CO2 indicate that the PF composite has a tendency to adsorb CO2 higher than PF/NiO nanocomposite. In fact, the maximum value of capacity is of the order 7.5 mmol/g in PF composite and 6.5 mmol/g in PF/NiO nanocomposite. The dc conductivity shows the dominance of percolation phenomenon and explained by two models; the three dimensions variable range hopping and the nearest neighbor hopping. The voltage–current V(I) characteristics show the presence of negative differential resistance at room measurement temperature in PF/NiO-625 °C sample. The ac conductance is attributed to different origins, so it is decried by two models, like hopping conduction mechanism in PF-675 °C composite and small polaron hopping model in PF/NiO-625 °C nanocomposite.

Keywords

Porous organic/inorganic nanocomposites Sol–gel Pyrolysis temperature CO2 adsorption Negative differential resistance Electrical conductivity 

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Physics of Materials and Nanomaterials Applied at Environment (LaPhyMNE), Faculty of Sciences in GabesGabes UniversityGabesTunisia
  2. 2.Research Laboratory: Engineering Process and Industrial Systems, National School of Engineers of GabesGabes UniversityGabesTunisia

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