Removal of Organic Colorants Using Nano Copper Antimony Oxychloride Synthesized by Non-solvated System

  • Faiz RabbaniEmail author
  • Ahson J. Shaikh
  • Jamil Khan
  • Humayun Ajaz
  • Muhammad RafiqueEmail author
  • Zia Ul Haq Khan
  • Zulfiqar Ali
  • Habib Hussain
  • M. Mazhar Gillani
  • Khurshid Aslam
  • G. M. Shah


The toxicity of the organic dyes presents in the environment due to polluted discharge from industries is a real dilemma in the world. Here, the problem was addressed with the synthesis of new quaternary mineral cupric antimony oxychloride (CAO) during the study of Cu–Sb–O–Cl system in absence of solvents. The morphological analysis showed that synthesized matrix is rough and uneven with round and cylindrical shapes. The composition of nanomaterial verified the elemental composition as Cu, Sb and Cl. The XRD analysis revealed that synthesized product CAO is crystalline in nature where crystallite size was estimated in the range of 2–8 nm. The bond vibrations were studied through Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy to confirm the symmetric and asymmetric vibrations in the matrix. The material parameters (grain size, dislocation line density, stresses and miller indices) of the synthesized material CAO were calculated using powder X-ray diffraction analysis. Thermogravimetric analysis was performed to study the decomposition behaviour and stability of the CAO. The copper ternary compound was used to mitigate the effect of organic dyes like Sunset yellow (26%), Methylene blue (23%), Brilliant green (20%), Methyl orange (14%) in the dyes polluted wastewater.


Oxychloride Mitigation of organic dyes PXRD TGA Raman analysis 



The author FR is thankful to the Higher Education Commission, Pakistan for its financial support through Project No. IPFP/HRD/HEC/2014/1618.

Supplementary material

10904_2018_1063_MOESM1_ESM.docx (15 kb)
Supplementary Table 1 (DOCX 15 KB)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesCOMSATS University IslamabadVehariPakistan
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryCOMSATS University IslamabadAbbottabadPakistan
  3. 3.Chemistry DepartmentUniversity of Engineering and TechnologyLahorePakistan
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsUniversity of GujratGujratPakistan
  5. 5.Department of Basic Sciences and HumanitiesUniversity of Engineering and Technology, LahoreLahorePakistan
  6. 6.Department of Basic Sciences and HumanitiesUniversity of Engineering and Technology, LahoreNarowalPakistan
  7. 7.Department of ChemistryCOMSATS University IslamabadLahorePakistan

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