Synergistic Effect Between WO3/Activated Carbon and BiVO4 Nanoparticles for Improved Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution

  • Habiba. Kiran
  • M. B. TahirEmail author
  • T. Iqbal
  • A. HassanEmail author


Modified composite of the pure monoclinic tungstun oxide with 2.0% of activated carbon photocatalyst with BiVO4 as coupling content is synthezed via facile hydrothermal route. The composite is fabricated with coupling ratio of 0.5%,1.0%,1.5% and 2.0% dopant BiVO4. These composite were characterized by the XRD, SEM, UV–Vis, PL and BET to investigate the various properties (particle size, structural, morphological, purity and optical) and the energy band of the photocatalytic material. It is commonly examined that the C-WO3 showed the extraneous results for the evolution of the hydrogen energy by increasing the coupling contents upto 1.5% of BiVO4 and gave extraordinary photocatalytic activity towards the hydrogen energy production. The formation of the orthorhombic phases from the monoclinic and hexagonal at 2.0% of doping content indicated the increase of size of the particles and energy band gap. The average grain size of the composite is ranging from 30 to 50 nm. The increment of the BiVO4 content in the C-WO3 composite causes the reduction of photocatalytic activity because of the increase in the grain size and the forbidden gap of the photocatalytic composite.


WO3 H2 evolution Photocatalyst BiVO4 



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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of GujratGujratPakistan

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