Structural and Optical Properties of CeO2 Nanoparticles Synthesized by Modified Polymer Complex Method

  • Jazmín Calvache-Muñoz
  • Fabiola A. Prado
  • Liliana Tirado
  • Lucy Caterine Daza-Gomez
  • Germán Cuervo-Ochoa
  • Heidy L. Calambas
  • Jorge E. Rodríguez-PáezEmail author


Ceria nanoparticles (Ceria-NPs) were synthesized using a modified polymer complex method and their structural and optical properties were evaluated. The solids were heated at 550 °C and characterized using Raman, UV–Vis absorption, diffuse reflectance, X-ray photoelectron and photoluminescence spectroscopies, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The primary particles obtained presented a size of ~ 10 nm. The XRD indicated that CeO2 was the only crystalline phase. From the UV–Vis and diffuse reflectance spectra, energy values of 3.8 eV and 3.4 eV were obtained, values that can be associated with band—band electronic transitions and/or with those that involve ionized states located within the gap caused by defects and isolated atoms of Ce3+. Photoluminescence spectra reiterated the existence of localized states in the gap. Raman spectra revealed the existence of peroxide (O22−) and superoxide (O2) over the surface of the ceria-NPs. The XPS results indicated that the concentrations of Ce3+ and Ce4+ were ∼ 20.5% and ∼79.5% respectively, and that the stoichiometry of oxygen was 1.9 per atom of Ce. The results obtained from the characterization of CeO2-NPs synthesized make it as promising material for environmental remediation, biomedicine, gas sensing and optoelectronic applications.


Ceria-NPs Synthesis Modified polymer complex Structural properties Optical properties 



This project was funded through project ID 4162, a Young Researcher agreement with COLCIENCIAS. We are grateful to the University of Cauca for making their laboratory facilities available for carrying out this work, to VRI-Unicauca for all logistical support and to the Surface Science Laboratory of the Industrial University of Santander for their valuable collaboration in the XPS measurements. We are especially grateful to Colin McLachlan for suggestions relating to the English text. To structure the diagram in Fig. 1, icons created by Freepik were used from


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jazmín Calvache-Muñoz
    • 1
  • Fabiola A. Prado
    • 1
  • Liliana Tirado
    • 2
  • Lucy Caterine Daza-Gomez
    • 3
  • Germán Cuervo-Ochoa
    • 4
  • Heidy L. Calambas
    • 5
  • Jorge E. Rodríguez-Páez
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.CYTEMAC Research Group, Department of PhysicsUniversity of CaucaPopayanColombia
  2. 2.Optoelectronic Group, Interdisciplinary Institute of ScienceUniversity of QuindioArmeniaColombia
  3. 3.Chemical SciencesAutonomous University of MexicoMexico CityUSA
  4. 4.GIPEL Group, Department of ChemistryUniversity of CaucaPopayanColombia
  5. 5.GIDEMP Group, Biotechnology and Nanotechnology LineTecnoparque – SENA ASTINCaliColombia

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