Structural and Diffuse Reflectance Study of Cr-Doped ZnO Nanorod-Pigments Prepared via Facile Thermal Decomposition Technique
- 61 Downloads
Ceramic coloured nanopigments are promising for commercial cool paint applications. This study was carried out to examine the near infrared (NIR) reflectivity of Cr-doped ZnO nanopigments prepared by simple thermal decomposition of zinc acetate dihydrate and chromium(III) acetate hydroxide as precursors of Zn and Cr, respectively. XRD, FTIR and SEM have been used to characterize the microstructure and morphological properties of the synthesized nanopigments. The obtained results referred to ZnO wurtzite hexagonal structure in absence of other ZnO phases or any phases based on chromium. The obtained particles of the investigated samples are uniform rod-like shape with average diameter about 50 nm. The diffuse reflectance measurements exhibited the decrease in NIR reflectance with increasing Cr content. The sample with lower content of Cr, 0.5 wt% of Cr precursor to Zn precursor, exhibited a maximum value of NIR solar reflectance (R*) of 53.1% with respect to the other doped samples. The optical energy gap (Eg) of the investigated nanopigments were calculated using diffuse reflectance spectrum in view of Kubelka–Munk assumptions and the obtained average value of Eg is 3.219 eV with small standard deviation ± 0.015 eV.
KeywordsZnO Pigments Thermal decomposition technique Structure and optical properties
The authors are indebted to the Deanship of Scientific Research at Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, for funding this study and [the relevant Project Number is (37-s-202)].
- 20.S.A. Ansari, W. Khan, M. Chaman, A.H. Naqvi, Synthesis, structural and optical properties of Cr doped ZnO nanoparticles. Asian J. Chem. 23(12), 5622 (2011)Google Scholar
- 28.R.A. Smith, Semiconductors, 2nd edn. (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1978)Google Scholar
- 29.A.E. Morales, E.S. Mora, U. Pal, Use of diffuse reflectance spectroscopy for optical characterization of un-supported nanostructures. Rev. Mexicana De Fisica S 53 , 18 (2007)Google Scholar
- 30.H. Yamamoto, S. Tanaka, K. Hirao, Effects of substrate temperature on nanostructure and band structure of sputtered Co3O4 thin films. J. Appl. Phys. 93, 4159 (2003)Google Scholar