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Hepatitis C Virus and Hispanic Criminal Justice Clients: A Missed Opportunity

  • Rehab AufEmail author
  • Miguel Ángel Cano
  • Marah Selim
  • Daniel O’Connell
  • Steve Martin
  • Gladys E. Ibañez
Original Paper
  • 16 Downloads

Abstract

To compare the willingness for HCV testing, HCV-knowledge, socio economic status, and HCV related risky behavior among male and female Latino offenders. Participants (n = 201) were recruited from the corrections system in Miami and interviewed. Backward stepwise logistic regression was conducted to compare gender-associated risk. Females (n = 81) were more likely to be engaged in risky sexual and drug behavior compared to males (n = 120). Overall, around 70% of the study population were interested to be tested for HCV if offered with no gender difference (OR 1.4, 95% CI 0.4–4.9). However, females were more likely to have lower income (OR 0.6, 95% CI 0.5–0.9) and engage in more HCV related risky sexual behaviors (OR 2.9, 95% CI 1.3–6.2), despite having better HCV related knowledge in five out of six items (OR 1.5–3.2), but had less crime activity (OR 0.6, 95% CI 0.5–0.8). HCV screening among Latino offenders would offer an efficient opportunity to reduce its burden as well as increase knowledge among vulnerable and high-risk population.

Keywords

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) Latinos Risky sexual behavior Drug use Criminal justice system 

Notes

Author Contributions

Dr. Auf conceptualized and formulated the study, conducted the analysis, drafted the initial manuscript, and approved the final manuscript as submitted. Dr. Ibañez conceptualized the main study, supervised data collection, supported the study throughout, contributed to drafting this manuscript, and approved the final draft. Ms. Selim contributed to data analysis, drafting this manuscript and approved the final submission. Dr. Connell, Dr. Martin: conceptualized the main study, supervised data collection, revised and approved the final draft. Dr. Cano contributed to writing this manuscript and approved the final draft.

Funding

Grant Number: R34DA031063 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to Dr. Ibañez and Grant Number K01 AA025992 from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism to Dr. Cano. Dr. Auf was funded by a fellowship from Florida International University.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study

Supplementary material

10903_2019_931_MOESM1_ESM.docx (23 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 22 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Health, Human Performance, and Leisure (HHPL), College of Arts and Science (COAS)Howard UniversityWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Epidemiology, Robert Stempel College of Public Health & Social WorkFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  3. 3.College of Agriculture and Life SciencesCornell UniversityIthacaUSA
  4. 4.Center for Drug and Health StudiesUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA

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