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Barriers to and Interest in Lung Cancer Screening Among Latino and Non-Latino Current and Former Smokers

  • Sanja Percac-LimaEmail author
  • Jeffrey M. Ashburner
  • Steven J. Atlas
  • Nancy A. Rigotti
  • Efren J. Flores
  • Salome Kuchukhidze
  • Elyse R. Park
Original Paper
  • 28 Downloads

Abstract

Lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death in Latinos. In a telephone survey, we assessed perceptions about lung cancer and awareness of, interest in, and barriers to lung screening among older current and former smokers. We compared Latino and non-Latino responses adjusting for age, sex, education, and smoking status using logistic regression models. Of the 460 patients who completed the survey (51.5% response rate), 58.0% were women, 49.3% former smokers, 15.7% Latino, with mean age 63.6 years. More Latinos believed that lung cancer could be prevented compared to non-Latinos (74.6% vs. 48.2%, OR 3.07, CI 1.89–5.01), and less worried about developing lung cancer (34.8% vs. 50.3%, OR 0.44, CI 0.27–0.72). Most participants were not aware of lung screening (44.1% Latinos vs. 34.3% Non-Latinos, OR 1.24, CI 0.79–1.94), but when informed, more Latinos wanted to be screened (90.7% vs. 67%, OR 4.58, CI 2.31–9.05). Latinos reported fewer barriers to lung screening.

Keywords

Lung cancer Cancer screening Barriers Latino 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by American Cancer Society: Cancer Control Career Development Award for Primary Care Physicians, CCCDAA-14-012-01-CCCDA and Lazarex Cancer Foundation.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of General Internal Medicine Massachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  3. 3.Mongan Institute for Health Policy Center Massachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  4. 4.Massachusetts General Hospital Department of RadiologyBostonUSA

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