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Hispanic Mothers’ Beliefs About Having Their Adolescent Sons Initiate the HPV Vaccine Series

  • Angelica M. Roncancio
  • Sally W. Vernon
  • Chakema C. Carmack
  • Kristy K. Ward
  • Becky T. Muñoz
  • Felicity L. Cribbs
Original Paper

Abstract

Rates of HPV vaccination among adolescent Hispanic males lag far behind the Healthy People 2020 80% goal. This study identified Hispanic mothers’ salient beliefs regarding having their sons initiate the HPV vaccine series. Twenty-seven Hispanic mothers completed in-depth interviews. They responded to questions that elicited the salient behavioral, normative and control beliefs associated with initiating the HPV vaccine series. We content analyzed their responses. We found that, regarding having their sons initiate the HPV vaccine, mothers: (1) express mostly positive feelings; (2) believe that the vaccine has positive effects, with side effects as the main negative effect; (3) believe that their sons’ father and doctor support vaccination while some friends do not; and (4) believe that vaccine affordability, transportation and the support of their sons’ father facilitate vaccine initiation. Overall, mothers held positive salient beliefs about the HPV vaccine including that it protects their son’s health, has minimal side effects and is recommended by physicians. We are more likely to increase vaccination rates among adolescent Hispanic males if we address mothers’ salient beliefs, including reinforcing their positive beliefs.

Keywords

Hispanic mothers Adolescent sons HPV vaccine uptake Salient beliefs 

Notes

Funding

This study was funded by NIH/NCI Grant K01CA181437.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angelica M. Roncancio
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sally W. Vernon
    • 2
  • Chakema C. Carmack
    • 3
  • Kristy K. Ward
    • 4
  • Becky T. Muñoz
    • 5
  • Felicity L. Cribbs
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Social SciencesUniversity of Houston-DowntownHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Center for Health Promotion and Prevention ResearchThe University of Texas School of Public HealthHoustonUSA
  3. 3.Psychological Health and Learning SciencesUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA
  4. 4.Texas Oncology Sugar LandSugar LandUSA
  5. 5.Department of PsychologyMount St. Mary’s UniversityEmmitsburgUSA
  6. 6.Graduate College of Social WorkUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA

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