Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 497–507 | Cite as

Socioeconomic Status and the Physical and Mental Health of Arab and Chaldean Americans in Michigan

  • Goleen SamariEmail author
  • Miles McNall
  • KyungSook Lee
  • Harry Perlstadt
  • Stephanie Nawyn
Original Paper


Research that explains health of Arab and Chaldean Americans relative to the health of non-Arab White Americans is limited but steadily increasing. This study considers whether socioeconomic status moderates the relationship between race/ethnicity and physical and mental health. Data come from a state representative sample of Arab and Chaldean Americans—the 2013 Michigan Behavioral Risk Factor Survey and the 2013 Michigan Arab/Chaldean Behavioral Risk Factor Survey (N = 12,837 adults with 536 Arab/Chaldean Americans). Structural equation models examine whether socioeconomic status, operationalized as educational attainment, moderates the relationship between Arab/Chaldean identity and health, and whether physical activity, access to healthcare, and depression mediate the relationship between educational attainment and health. Results indicate that while Arab/Chaldean Americans have poor health relative to non-Arab White Americans, these differences are largely explained by educational differences. Depression, access to healthcare, and physical activity mediate the relationship between socioeconomic status and health of Arab/Chaldean Americans.


Arab Americans Chaldean Americans Physical health Mental health Structural equation models BRFSS 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, Advancing New Standards in Reproductive HealthUniversity of California San FranciscoOaklandUSA
  2. 2.Community Evaluation and Research CollaborativeMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  3. 3.Department of SociologyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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