Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 563–569 | Cite as

Prevalence of Neglected Tropical Diseases (Leishmaniasis and Lymphatic Filariasis) and Malaria Among a Migrant Labour Settlement in Kerala, India

  • Sobha George
  • Teena Mary Joy
  • Anil KumarEmail author
  • K. N. Panicker
  • Leyanna Susan George
  • Manu Raj
  • K. Leelamoni
  • Prem Nair
Original Paper


Neglected tropical diseases (visceral leismaniasis, lymphatic filariasis) and malaria are endemic in northern states of India. Kerala has become a hub of construction activities employing a large number of migrants from these endemic states. Studies on morbidity pattern among migrants in Kerala are lacking. It is essential to look into the burden of these infections among migrant laborers who can act as reservoirs and are a threat to native population. A cross sectional study was done among migrant laborers in Ernakulam district, Kerala. After getting informed consent, a questionnaire was administered to each participant to collect sociodemographic details and 5 ml of blood was collected for detection of antigens using rapid diagnostic tests (RDT). Of the 309 migrants tested, none of them were positive for leishmaniasis, while 3.8% were positive for malaria and 3.6% for filariasis. With 2.5 million migrant laborers in Kerala, the magnitude of the problem in absolute numbers is enormous. Active surveillance and treatment is needed to prevent the reemergence of these diseases in Kerala.


Migrants Neglected tropical diseases Kerala Malaria Leishmaniasis Filariasis 



We thank D M Vasudevan of Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences for the research Grant. We thank Amritesh, Paul T Francis, Sreejith S Nair and Rakesh P S of the Department of Community Medicine for their cooperation. Sumi and Libin from Department of Public Health are acknowledged for the logistic support, Sumi and Shanti from Department of microbiology for their technical assistance.


Intramural funding from Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University (Grant No. 32456), Ponekkara, Kochi, Kerala, India, Pin: 682041.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Ethics Approval

The study received ethical approval Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center Ethics Committee.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sobha George
    • 1
  • Teena Mary Joy
    • 1
  • Anil Kumar
    • 2
    Email author
  • K. N. Panicker
    • 1
  • Leyanna Susan George
    • 1
  • Manu Raj
    • 3
  • K. Leelamoni
    • 1
  • Prem Nair
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Community Medicine, Amrita Institute of Medical SciencesAmrita Vishwa VidyapeethamKochiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology, Amrita Institute of Medical SciencesAmrita Vishwa VidyapeethamKochiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Public Health, Amrita Institute of Medical SciencesAmrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham UniversityKochiIndia
  4. 4.Amrita Institute of Medical SciencesAmrita Vishwa VidyapeethamKochiIndia

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