Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 18, Issue 5, pp 1024–1031 | Cite as

Presence of Alcohol and Drugs in Hispanic Versus Non-Hispanic Youth Suicide Victims in Miami-Dade County, Florida

  • Daniel CastellanosEmail author
  • Jennifer Ellyn Kosoy
  • Karla Diaz Ayllon
  • Juan Acuna
Original Paper


This study examines the association between the presence of drugs and alcohol at time of suicide in Hispanic versus non-Hispanic youth suicide victims in Miami-Dade County, Florida. The Medical Examiner’s records of 435 persons aged 24 years or younger classified as suicides in Miami-Dade County, Florida, from 1990 to 2011 were reviewed. Hispanic youth in Miami-Dade County, Florida were 1.62 times more likely than non-Hispanic youth to have used drugs and alcohol at time of suicide (OR 1.62; 95 % CI 1.07–2.04; p = 0.049). Firearm use was significantly associated with drug and alcohol use at time of death. Use of drugs and alcohol at the time of death are important risk factors for suicide in Hispanic youth.


Suicide Youth Hispanic Drugs Alcohol 



The authors gratefully acknowledge Grettel Castro, MPH for her assistance in the preparation of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Castellanos
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jennifer Ellyn Kosoy
    • 2
  • Karla Diaz Ayllon
    • 3
  • Juan Acuna
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Health, Herbert Wertheim College of MedicineFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Department of Pediatrics, Cohen Children’s Medical CenterNorth Shore Long Island Jewish Health SystemNew Hyde ParkUSA
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  4. 4.Department of Medical and Health Sciences Research, Herbert Wertheim College of MedicineFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA

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