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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 18, Issue 5, pp 1046–1052 | Cite as

Food Insecurity Increases the Odds of Obesity Among Young Hispanic Children

  • Mia A. PapasEmail author
  • Jillian C. Trabulsi
  • Alicia Dahl
  • Gregory Dominick
Original Paper

Abstract

Obesity is a growing public health concern and is more prevalent among low-income and minority populations. Food insecurity may increase the odds of obesity in children. We investigated the association between food insecurity and obesity among low-income, Hispanic, mother–child dyads (n = 74). The United States Department of Agriculture 18-item Household Food Security Survey was used to determine food security status. The majority of households were food insecure (74 %) and one-third (30 %) of children were obese. Food insecurity increased the odds of childhood obesity (OR 10.2; 95 % CI 1.2, 85.5) with stronger associations found within households where mothers were also overweight/obese compared to normal weight (p-for interaction < 0.05). Rates of household food insecurity and childhood obesity were high among this low-income Hispanic sample. Future studies should elucidate the mechanisms through which food insecurity impacts childhood obesity.

Keywords

Food insecurity Childhood obesity Hispanic Maternal and child health 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank Lakshmi Somasundaram and Olivia Cosides for assistance in collecting and compiling the data and the staff at La Comunidad Hispana for allowing us to use their facility and aiding the collection of data used for this study. We also would like to thank all the mother and child study participants; without their participation none of this would be possible.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mia A. Papas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jillian C. Trabulsi
    • 1
  • Alicia Dahl
    • 1
  • Gregory Dominick
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Behavioral Health and Nutrition, College of Health SciencesUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA

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