Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 693–707 | Cite as

An Exploration of the Spanish Cultural Term Rasmia: A Combination of Eagerness, Strength, Activeness, Courage, Tenacity and Gracefulness

  • M. Dolores MerinoEmail author
  • Marta Velázquez
  • Tim Lomas
Research Paper


Since much of the empirical work within Positive Psychology has taken place in English-speaking Western countries, there is concern that the resulting concepts and theories of well-being reflect a bias towards Western (and more specifically English-influenced) ways of thinking. However, efforts are underway in the field to enhance its intercultural sensitivity, including in relation to studying cross-cultural diversity in emotional experience and understanding. In that respect, the current article focuses on the notion of rasmia, a Spanish term denoting drive and tenacity in achieving a goal. The research aims to explore the beliefs and conceptions that Spanish people have regarding rasmia. An on-line survey of Spanish residents revealed that rasmia was defined as incorporating eagerness, strength, activeness, courage, tenacity and gracefulness. A second study, conducted in order to determine the degree of agreement with this definition, showed an 80% of agreement. The results highlight the value of engaging with non-English concepts like rasmia.


Rasmia Energy Eagerness Strength Courage Gracefulness 



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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Dolores Merino
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marta Velázquez
    • 1
  • Tim Lomas
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Social, Work and Differential PsychologyUniversidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de PsicologíaPozuelo De Alarcón, MadridSpain
  2. 2.University of East LondonLondonUK

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