Optimistically Accepting Suffering Boosts Happiness: Associations Between Buddhism Patience, Selflessness, and Subjective Authentic-Durable Happiness

  • Jianjun DengEmail author
  • Tsingan Li
  • Jingya Wang
  • Ruiping Zhang
Research Paper


Buddhism theory research indicates that Buddhism patience can boost happiness. However, few empirical studies have investigated the associations between patience, selflessness and subjective authentic-durable happiness. Therefore, the present study mainly explored the relationships between patience and subjective authentic-durable happiness, and the possible mediating role of selflessness. Results indicated that patience was positively related to subjective authentic-durable happiness, and that selflessness could explain this relationship. It appears that selflessness, which reflects the self within a broader social, natural, and cosmic context is linked with greater subjective authentic-durable happiness and patience. Findings suggested that Buddhism patience practice means not only accepting the experience of negative emotions, but also optimistically reevaluating suffering in life. Overall, the results highlight that Buddhism patience is a positive psychological characteristic related to subjective authentic-durable happiness.


Buddhism Patience Selflessness Subjective authentic-durable happiness 



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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianjun Deng
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tsingan Li
    • 1
  • Jingya Wang
    • 1
  • Ruiping Zhang
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Developmental PsychologyBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of EducationZhengzhou UniversityZhengzhouChina

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