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A Youth Health Leadership Program: Feasibility and Initial Outcomes

  • Brandon Green
  • Penny A. RalstonEmail author
  • Iris Young-Clark
  • Caroline Waryoba
  • SchMiyah Smith
  • Cynthia M. Harris
  • Sokoya Finch
  • Miaisha Mitchell
  • Catherine Coccia
Original Paper
  • 28 Downloads

Abstract

This study determined the feasibility (attendance, participation and completion) and initial outcomes (food consumption, food acquisition, physical activity and leadership) of a community-based youth health leadership (YHL) program. YHL was developed as a part of a larger childhood obesity prevention coalition in a medium-sized community in North Florida using community-based participatory research approaches. The theory-driven 6-week program included content sessions, application rotation, and health campaign. Data were collected from youth participants (n = 36) and a purposive comparison group (n = 29) via self-administered questionnaire and project records in the first three years of YHL. Feasibility outcomes show that the majority of program participants attended and participated. Completion rates ranged from 61.5% in year one to 100% in years two and three. Significant differences in treatment and comparison groups were noted in frequency of fruit consumption (p < 0.001) and physical activity (p < 0.002). However, there were no clear patterns of improvements for the treatment group. Trends in the data showed that the consumption of foods high in fat, sugar and sodium decreased slightly for the treatment group but increased or remained the same for the comparison group. The leadership outcomes for youth participants show that those reached are furthering their education, participating in activities such as internships, receiving honors, and garnering leadership achievements. This study suggests that a community-based youth health leadership model is feasible, but more work is needed to impact health behaviors. Future research directions are provided.

Keywords

Youth programs Positive youth development Health behaviors Diet Physical activity 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

This study was funded in part by the Florida Blue Foundation. P. Ralston has served on the Florida Blue Foundation Sapphire Awards Selection Committee and an honorarium for this service was paid to her university. B. Green, I. Young-Clark, C. Waryoba, S. Smith, C. Harris, S. Finch, M. Miaisha and C. Coccia have no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brandon Green
    • 1
  • Penny A. Ralston
    • 2
    Email author
  • Iris Young-Clark
    • 3
  • Caroline Waryoba
    • 4
  • SchMiyah Smith
    • 4
  • Cynthia M. Harris
    • 5
  • Sokoya Finch
    • 6
  • Miaisha Mitchell
    • 7
  • Catherine Coccia
    • 8
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryHoward University HospitalWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Center on Better Health and Life for Underserved PopulationsFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  3. 3.School of Business and IndustryFlorida A&M UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  4. 4.College of MedicineFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  5. 5.Institute of Public HealthFlorida A&M UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  6. 6.Florida Family Network, IncTallahasseeUSA
  7. 7.Greater Frenchtown Revitalization CouncilTallahasseeUSA
  8. 8.Department of Dietetics & NutritionFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA

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