Hispanic Men and Women’s Knowledge, Beliefs, Perceived Susceptibility, and Barriers to Clinical Breast Examination and Mammography Practices in South Texas Colonias
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Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death among women of all ethnicities. Though the disease is not a primary concern within male populations male perceptions and beliefs of breast cancer screening may contribute to a partner’s or loved one’s decision to engage in regular mammograms or clinical breast examinations. The current study seeks to explore a comparative analysis of breast cancer knowledge, beliefs, susceptibility, and barriers to female breast cancer and breast cancer screening among Hispanic men and women residing in the Colonias of South Texas. Using a multistage systematic sampling design, 2,812 men and women were surveyed from the two South Texas Counties; Maverick and Val Verde. Individuals between the ages of 20 and 75 (n = 2360) were included in the analysis. T-tests and linear regression models were used to examine gender differences in, knowledge, beliefs, susceptibility, and barriers to breast cancer and breast cancer screening. Significant differences were found between males and females across all measures. Regression analysis demonstrates Hispanic women hold more favorable beliefs about breast cancer and early detection, display higher perceived barriers to clinical breast examinations and mammography, and view themselves more susceptible to the development of breast cancer than their male counterparts. Results framed within a cultural context suggest outreach efforts within South Texas Colonias should consider inclusion of male family members in efforts to increase favorable views toward and engagement in regular breast cancer screening.
KeywordsBreast cancer knowledge Hispanics Colonias Mammography Barriers Clinical breast examination
This study was supported by a grant from San Antonio Life Sciences Institute (SALSI).
CB, TS, HG, and TH all contributed to the design, analysis, and writing of the manuscript.
This study was supported by a grant from San Antonio Life Sciences Institute (SALSI). Funding support did not have any involvement in the study design, collection, analysis interpretation of data, the writing of the report or the decision to submit the article for publication.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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