Perception of Choking Injury Risk Among Healthcare Students

  • Carolina Fano
  • Giulia Lorenzoni
  • Danila Azzolina
  • Anna Giuliani
  • Megan French
  • Sara Campagna
  • Paola Berchialla
  • Dario GregoriEmail author
Original Paper


Choking injuries in children represent a severe public health burden. Although most choking injuries are due to food, parents have often been found to be unaware of the choking hazards presented by food. In this context, healthcare professionals may play an important role in choking prevention by educating families. We investigate the perception of choking injury risk among healthcare profession students by comparing their awareness and knowledge of choking hazards with those of people without a specific health education. A survey was conducted among a sample of final year healthcare profession students from two universities in northern Italy and a sample of adults from the general population without any health education. Respondents were asked to look at ten pictures and identify the items that pose the greatest choking hazard to children of different age groups. Seventy-one students and 742 adults without any health education responded to the survey. A higher percentage of the adults without a health education identified a food item as posing the greatest choking hazard in comparison to the percentage of healthcare profession students. The results of this study suggest that there is a need to include specific educational modules on choking prevention in healthcare-related degree programs.


Foreign body injuries Food Risk perception Choking hazard Healthcare profession students 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10900_2019_662_MOESM1_ESM.docx (16 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 16 kb)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Unit of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular Sciences and Public HealthUniversity of PadovaPadovaItaly
  2. 2.Prochild OnlusTriesteItaly
  3. 3.Department of Clinical and Biological SciencesUniversity of TorinoTorinoItaly

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