Two hypotheses have been advanced to explain gambling prevalence and addiction among various populations—the exposure hypothesis and the adaptation hypothesis. This study tests these hypotheses in the context of casino employees in Macau. In the etiology of gambling, casino employees have been considered a unique segment of the population. Employees working in casinos are probably more exposed to gambling stimuli than any other group. The findings suggest that indicators of heavy involvement in casino gambling among casino employees were no higher than among other residents of Macau. In terms of gambling frequency, casino employees actually gambled less often than the general adult population in Macau. These results are in contrast to results from studies of gaming venue employees in Australia and Canada. The differing findings are probably attributable to particularities of Macau discussed in the article.
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This work was supported jointly by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Number 7171101069) and The Science and Technology Development Fund of Macao (020/2017/AFJ).
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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This research involved the methodology of survey research and informed consent was obtained from all survey participants prior to responding to the survey.
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Zeng, Z., Forrest, D. & Kale, S.H. A Study of Adaptive Gambling Behavior of Casino Employees in Macau. J Gambl Stud (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10899-020-09934-5
- Casino employees
- Gambling duration
- Gambling frequency
- Adaptation hypothesis
- Exposure hypothesis