Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 1347–1360 | Cite as

What do Residents Consider to be Gambling and What are Their Attitudes Towards it? Evidence from the Czech Republic

  • David FiedorEmail author
  • Ondřej Král
  • Jindřich Frajer
  • Miloslav Šerý
  • Zdeněk Szczyrba
Original Paper


The aim of the article is to contribute to an understanding of the attitudes of post-communist Europe’s inhabitants towards gambling, and of their opinions concerning which activities can be regarded as gambling. The Attitudes Towards Gambling Scale (ATGS-8) questionnaire was used in the survey, ensuring the international comparability of the results. For the subsequent in-depth analysis of attitudes we mainly used multidimensional statistical methods. The survey, conducted in 2017, had 1092 respondents. The least negative attitudes to gambling were found in the younger age groups, while the attitudes of senior citizens were the most negative. Concerning participation in gambling, 68.4% of the respondents had taken part in at least one of the range of gambling activities offered as choices. Participation in gambling is an important factor influencing the overall attitude of the respondents to gambling. Of equal importance was the range of intensity in their perceptions of which games can be considered to be gambling, with four similarly perceived types of gambling identified. The research shows that gambling is perceived negatively by the population of the Czech Republic. The explanation may be found in the substantial media coverage of gambling related to changes in the legislation and the tightening of restrictions.


Gambling Attitude Central and Eastern Europe Subtypes Questionnaire 



The authors are grateful to acknowledge the support received from the students’ grant project titled ‘ Regions and cities: analysis of development and transformation’ funded by the Palacký University Internal Grant Agency (IGA_PrF_2018_018). We would like to thank two anonymous referees for their thoughtful comments regarding this manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its amendments or comparable ethical standards.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology, Andragogy and Cultural AnthropologyPalacký UniversityOlomoucCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of GeographyPalacký UniversityOlomoucCzech Republic

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