Genetic Counselors in Startup Companies: Redefining the Genetic Counselor Role
- First Online:
- 847 Downloads
Genetic counselors (GCs) have recently begun moving into non-clinic based roles in increasing numbers. A relatively new role for GCs is working for startup companies. Startups are newly established companies in the phase of developing and researching new scalable businesses. This article explores the experiences of four GCs working at different startup companies and aims to provide resources for GCs interested in learning more about these types of roles. The article describes startup culture, including a relatively flat organizational structure, quick product iterations, and flexibility, among other unique cultural characteristics. Financial considerations are described, including how to understand and evaluate a company’s financial status, along with a brief explanation of alternate forms of compensation including stock options and equity. Specifically, the article details the uncertainties and rewards of working in a fast-paced startup environment that affords opportunities to try new roles and use the genetic counseling skill set in new ways. This article aims to aid GCs in determining whether a startup environment would be a good fit, learning how to evaluate a specific startup, and understanding how to market themselves for positions at startups.
KeywordsStartup Professional development Industry Career Genetic counselors
- Allen, D. (2001). Getting things done: The art of stress-free productivity. New York: Viking.Google Scholar
- Argintar, L. (2014). #NoCubicles: 10 aspects of a startup that beat out corporate culture any day. Retrieved from http://elitedaily.com/money/10-aspects-of-a-startup-that-beat-out-corporate-culture-any-day/615719/.
- Assn. for Molecular Pathology et al. v. Myriad Genetics, Inc. et al., 569 U.S. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/12pdf/12-398_1b7d.pdf.
- Augustine, A. (n.d.). Startup or corporate: Which is better for your career? Retrieved from https://www.themuse.com/advice/startup-or-corporate-which-is-better-for-your-career.
- Babineaux, R., & Krumboltz, J. (2013). Fail fast, fail often: How losing can help you win. New York: Tarcher/Penguin.Google Scholar
- Bank, C. (2014). 15 ways to test your minimum viable product. Retrieved from http://thenextweb.com/dd/2014/11/12/15-ways-test-minimum-viable-product/.
- Bolander, J. (2009). Startup stock options explained. Retrieved from http://www.thedailymba.com/2009/12/20/startup-stock-options-explained/.
- Bolles, R. N. (2012). What color is your parachute? Berkeley: Ten Speed Press.Google Scholar
- Christensen, C. M. (1997). The innovator’s dilemma: When new technologies cause great firms to fail. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.Google Scholar
- Condit, C. (2010). Public understandings of genetics and health. Clinical Genetics, 77(1), 1–9. doi:10.1111/j.1399-0004.2009.01316.xGoogle Scholar
- Gregg, A. R., Gross, S., Best, R., Monaghan, K., Bajaj, K., Skotko, B.,... Watson, M. (2013). ACMG statement on noninvasive prenatal screening for fetal aneuploidy. Genetics in Medicine, 15(5), 395–398. doi:10.1038/gim.2013.29
- Harrison, K. (2014). 40 startup jargon words you need to know to raise money. Forbes. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/kateharrison/2014/08/29/40-start-up-jargon-words-you-need-to-know-to-raise-money/2/.
- Loddengaard, A. (2012). 10 facts about working at a startup vs. a big company [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://alexlod.com/2012/03/12/10-facts-about-working-at-a-startup-vs-a-big-company/.
- Management: How to Make OKRs Actually Work at Your Startup. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://firstround.com/review/how-to-make-okrs-actually-work-at-your-startup/.
- Marmer, M., Herrmann, B. L., Berman, R., & Dogrultan, E. (2012). Startup genome report extra on premature scaling. Retrieved from https://s3.amazonaws.com/startupcompass-public/StartupGenomeReport2_Why_Startups_Fail_v2.pdf.
- Miller, C. E., Krautscheid, P., Baldwin, E. E., Tvrdik, T., Openshaw, A. S., Hart, K., & Lagrave, D. (2014). Genetic counselor review of genetic test orders in a reference laboratory reduces unnecessary testing. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A, 164(5), 1094–1101. doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.36453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- National Society of Genetic Counselors. (2004). Membership trends 1980–2002. Retrieved from http://nsgc.org/p/do/si/topic=153.
- National Society of Genetic Counselors. (2014). Professional status survey: Work environment. Retrieved from http://nsgc.org/p/do/sd/sid=2478&type=0.
- National Society of Genetic Counselors. (n.d.). Core Skills of Genetic Counselors. Retrieved from http://nsgc.org/p/cm/ld/fid=94.
- Newton, D. (2001). Understanding the financing stages. Retrieved from http://www.entrepreneur.com/article/42336.
- Richards, S., Aziz, N., Bale, S., Bick, D., Das, S., Gastier-Foster, J.,... Rehm, H. L. (2015). Standards and guidelines for the interpretation of sequence variants: A joint consensus recommendation of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology. Genetics in Medicine, 17(5), 405–423. doi:10.1038/gim.2015.30.
- Ries, E. (2011). The lean startup: How today’s entrepreneurs use continuous innovation to create radically successful businesses. New York: Crown Business.Google Scholar
- Robehmed, N. (2013). What is a startup? Forbes. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/natalierobehmed/2013/12/16/what-is-a-startup/.
- Robinette, K. (2013). Working at an established corporate company versus a startup. Retrieved from http://www.levo.com/articles/career-advice/working-at-an-established-corp-company-versus-a-startup.
- Simon, M. (n.d.). Perform a SWOT analysis: A startup’s best method. Retrieved from http://www.thebalancedentrepreneur.com/startup_perform_a_swot_analysis.
- Suarez, F., & Lanzolla, G. (2005). The half-truth of first-mover advantage. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from https://hbr.org/2005/04/the-half-truth-of-first-mover-advantage.
- Vital, A. (2013). How funding works—Splitting the equity Pie with investors [Infographic]. Retrieved from http://fundersandfounders.com/how-funding-works-splitting-equity/.
- What Makes a Key Opinion Leader a KOL? (2012). Retrieved from http://www.prweb.com/releases/2012/3/prweb9250355.htm