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Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 1–8 | Cite as

Counting Dead Women in Australia: An In-Depth Case Review of Femicide

  • Patricia Cullen
  • Geraldine Vaughan
  • Zhuoyang Li
  • Jenna Price
  • Denis Yu
  • Elizabeth SullivanEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Gender-based fatal violence (femicide) is a preventable cause of premature death. The Counting Dead Women Australia (CDWA) campaign is a femicide census counting violent deaths of women in Australia from 2014. We conducted a cross-sectional in-depth review of CDWA cases Jan-Dec 2014 to establish evidence of antecedent factors and describe femicide in Australia. Victim (n = 81) and perpetrator (n = 83) data were extracted from the CDWA register, law databases and coronial reports. Mixed methods triangulation of socio-demographic and incident characteristics. Women ranged in age from 20 to 82 years of age (44 ± 15.4). There were 83 perpetrators, of which 13 were unknown (not yet apprehended). Known perpetrators (n = 70) ranged in age from 16 to 72 years of age (40 ± 12.7) and 89% were male (62/70). The location of the crime was most frequently the victim’s home (49/70). In cases where the relationship between the victim and perpetrator was known (n = 59), over half of femicides were committed by intimate-partners (33/59). Intimate-partner perpetrators were more likely to have a history of violence and commit murder-suicide than other perpetrators. Femicide is overwhelmingly perpetrated by males, with women most vulnerable in their own home and with their intimate partners. Furthermore, intimate-partner femicide is associated with modifiable risk factors, including previous violence and mental health issues, which represents opportunities for early intervention within healthcare settings as practitioners are well-placed to identify risk and provide support. In line with recommendations for multi-sectoral approach, future research should target identification of risk and protective factors, and improved coordination of data collection.

Keywords

Femicide Family violence Intimate partner violence Gender-based violence Homicide Women 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the immense and important work of Pat Bradley, Sue McLeod and Debra Smith and the Counting Dead Women Australia researchers of Destroy The Joint. The research team also acknowledges the contribution of Sanela Begani who assisted with data collection.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Declarations of Interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018
corrected publication May/2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Australian Centre for Public and Population Health Research, The Faculty of HealthUniversity of Technology SydneyUltimoAustralia
  2. 2.The George Institute for Global HealthThe University of New South WalesSydneyAustralia
  3. 3.School of Communication, Faculty of Arts and Social SciencesUniversity of Technology SydneyUltimoAustralia
  4. 4.Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human DevelopmentNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  5. 5.BroadwayAustralia

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