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Triazatruxene–Rhodamine-Based Ratiometric Fluorescent Chemosensor for the Sensitive, Rapid Detection of Trivalent Metal Ions: Aluminium (III), Iron (III) and Chromium (III)

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Abstract

We investigated the ability of a novel triazatruxene–rhodamine-based (TAT-ROD) chemosensor to detect the trivalent metal ions aluminium (Al3+), iron (Fe3+) and chromium (Cr3+). Operating via the through-bond energy transfer (TBET) pathway, the chemosensor exhibited low detection limits of 23.0, 25.0 and 170.0 nM for Al3+, Fe3+ and Cr3+, respectively, along with high sensitivity and selectivity during a brief period (<15 s). The binding ratio of the chemosensor and trivalent metal ions achieved by Job’s method was 3:1, and when we added ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), the sensing process reversed. Altogether, our TAT-ROD chemosensor marks the first triazatruxene-based colorimetric and fluorometric metal ion sensor reported in the literature.

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Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge TUBİTAK-UME for financial support and thank to Muhiddin CERGEL and İlker ÜN for NMR analysis and Gökhan BİLSEL for HRMS analysis.

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Correspondence to Ali Enis Sadak or Erman Karakuş.

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Sadak, A.E., Karakuş, E. Triazatruxene–Rhodamine-Based Ratiometric Fluorescent Chemosensor for the Sensitive, Rapid Detection of Trivalent Metal Ions: Aluminium (III), Iron (III) and Chromium (III). J Fluoresc 30, 213–220 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10895-020-02491-5

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Keywords

  • Triazatruxene
  • Rhodamine
  • TBET
  • Trivalent metal ions
  • Ratiometric sensor