Poliglusam Nanoparticles Activate T Cell Response in Breast Cancer Cell: an In Vivo and In Vitro Study

  • Neda SoleimaniEmail author
  • Akbar Vaseghi
  • Valentina Loconte


Poliglusam nanoparticles are potential therapeutic agents for the treatment of cancer. In particular, their efficacy has been reported as delivery systems in breast cancer. The aim of this study is to propose a new immunotherapeutic strategy, using Poliglusam nanoparticles as activators of the human immune response. Poliglusam nanoparticles were synthesized and characterized using both dynamic light scattering and electron microscopy. Whilst, their effectiveness in immune stimulation and detection of apoptosis was evaluated by cytokine and TUNEL assays. Finally, the cytokines pattern in splenocytes revealed an increase in IFN-γ production. The results of cytotoxicity on 4 T1 cells show an increase in the mortality rate with respect to the control cell line. The rate of apoptosis induced by Poliglusam nanoparticles on 4 T1 mouse breast cancer cell line is about 45% higher compared to MCF-7 human cells line, revealing the natural tendency of Poliglusam in increasing the production of IFN-γ in cancer cells. At the state-of-art of the knowledge, very few information have been achieved on the immunological effects of Poliglusam. This work is one of the first studies for the identification of non-functionalized Poliglusam nanoparticles impact on breast cancer. Thus, their immunotherapeutic effect, combined with an anticancer drug, can be employed as potential effective drug for eliminating breast cancer cells in the future.


Poliglusam Nanoparticles Breast cancer Immunotherapy and apoptosis 



The authors specially thank the professor Majid Sadeghizadeh and his laboratory for their kind help at Tarbiat Modares University in Tehran and Shahid Beheshti University.

Author Contributions

NS conceived the study. NS conducted the experiments and analyzed the results. NS and AV drafted the manuscript and made substantial contributions to the design of the study. NS and AV critically reviewed the manuscript and participated in data analysis. All the authors studied and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Issues

None to be declared.

Competing Interests

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Neda Soleimani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Akbar Vaseghi
    • 2
  • Valentina Loconte
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology and Microbial Biotechnology, Faculty of Life Sciences and BiotechnologyShahid Beheshti UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Nanobiotechnology, faculty of Biological SciencesTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Biomedical SciencesUniversity of PaduaPaduaItaly

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