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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 45, Issue 10, pp 858–868 | Cite as

Electrophysiological and Behavioral Responses of Adult Vine Weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), to Host Plant Odors

  • Joe M. RobertsEmail author
  • Jhaman Kundun
  • Charlotte Rowley
  • David R. Hall
  • Paul Douglas
  • Tom W. Pope
Article

Abstract

Vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus F. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), is an economically important pest species in many soft-fruit and ornamental crops. Economic losses arise from damage to the roots, caused by larvae, and to the leaves, caused by adults. As adults are nocturnal and larvae feed below ground, infestations can be missed initially, with controls applied too late. In the absence of a vine weevil sex or aggregation pheromone, the development of an effective semiochemical lure for better management of this pest is likely to focus on host-plant volatiles. Here, we investigate the electrophysiological and behavioral responses of adult vine weevils to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) originating from their preferred host plant Euonymus fortunei, and synthetic VOCs associated with this host when presented individually or as blends. Consistent electroantennographic responses were observed to a range of generalist VOCs. Behavioral responses of weevils to VOCs, when presented individually, were influenced by concentration. Vine weevil adults showed directional movement toward a mixture of seven plant volatiles, methyl salicylate, 1-octen-3-ol, (E)-2-hexenol, (Z)-3-hexenol, 1-hexanol, (E)-2-pentenol, and linalool, even though no, or negative, responses were recorded to each of these compounds presented individually. Similarly, vine weevils showed directional movement toward a 1:1 ratio mixture of (Z)-2-pentenol and methyl eugenol. Results presented here point to the importance of blends of generalist compounds and their concentrations in the optimization of a lure.

Keywords

Vine weevil Euonymus fortunei Monitoring Electroantennography Air entrainment Olfactometry 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was funded by AHDB Horticulture [Project numbers SF/HNS 127 and HNS 195]. We thank Tom Shepherd, Robbie McLaren, Scott N. Johnson, and Alison Karley from the James Hutton Institute (Scotland) for kindly providing a list of candidate chemical compounds to test in this study.

Supplementary material

10886_2019_1108_MOESM1_ESM.docx (363 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 362 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Integrated Pest ManagementHarper Adams UniversityNewportUK
  2. 2.Centre for Applied Entomology and Parasitology, School of Life SciencesKeele UniversityKeeleUK
  3. 3.Natural Resources InstituteUniversity of GreenwichKentUK

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