Establishing Peer Manding in Young Children with Autism Using a Speech-Generating Device

  • Elizabeth R. LorahEmail author
  • Alison Karnes
  • Jessica Miller
  • Jasmine Welch-Beardsley


Impairment in social communication is a hallmark characteristic for individuals with a diagnosis of autism. As such, specific instructional strategies that incorporate the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) system, such as an iPad® based speech-generating device (SGD) is often indicated. This study evaluated the use of the interrupted chain procedure in the establishment of peer manding for three young children with a diagnosis of autism. The procedures involved the presentation of a task related activity (i.e., puzzle) and the neuro-typical peer interrupted the behavioral chain of task completing by withholding the final piece needed to complete the task. An iPad® based SGD was used as an AAC for the participants to mand for the missing item needed to complete the task related activity from the peer. Additionally, a five-second-time delay with full physical prompts was used for instructional purposes. The results indicated that all three participants acquired the ability to mand for the missing item from the peer, and this skill was also found to maintain following training.


Autism Mand Peer Social interaction Speech-generating device 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in compliance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from the parents/guardians of the individual participants included in the study.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth R. Lorah
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alison Karnes
    • 1
  • Jessica Miller
    • 1
  • Jasmine Welch-Beardsley
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ArkansasFayettevilleUSA

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