Depression and Life Satisfaction among Parents Caring for Individuals with Developmental Disabilities in South Korea

  • Eun-Young Park
  • Jung-Hee KimEmail author


Caring for an individual with developmental disabilities can be challenging and time consuming for parents. This study examined the mediating effect of depression in the relationship between caregiving-related stressors (caregiving time and behavior problems) and life satisfaction among parents caring for individuals with developmental disabilities. We performed a secondary analysis of data from the 2011 Survey on the Actual Conditions of Individuals with Developmental Disabilities, conducted by the Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare. Caregiving time, behavior problems, parental depression, and life satisfaction were measured. The proposed path model showed a good fit to the data: caregiving time and severity of behavior problems in individuals with developmental disabilities influenced parental life satisfaction, and these relationships were partially mediated by depression. These results could help health care providers in developing prevention and treatment programs by providing greater insight into the modifiable factors related to depression and life satisfaction among parents caring for individuals with developmental disabilities.


Behavior problems Caregiver Depression Developmental disability Life satisfaction 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Secondary Special Education, College of EducationJeonju UniversityJeonjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.College of NursingThe Catholic University of KoreaSeoulRepublic of Korea

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