Reliability and Validity Studies of the Adapted Autism Behaviour Checklist in Turkey
- 38 Downloads
The present study aims to develop an assessment instrument for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in Turkey based on the Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC). Validity and reliability studies of Adapted ABC (AABC) were conducted on 969 children with ASD and 164 children with intellectual disability from 21 cities in Turkey. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed a two-factor structure. The correlation of the AABC with the Gilliam Autism Rating Scale-2-Turkish Version supported criterion-referenced validity. Reliability analyses demonstrated that test–retest, internal consistency, and item discrimination reliability levels met the required conditions. Finally, the score equivalents of the percentiles required to use the instrument in accordance with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM V), were determined.
KeywordsAutism spectrum disorders Screening and diagnostic instruments Validity and reliability analysis Turkey
Compliance with Ethical Standards
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
Conflict of Interest
Author A declares that he has no conflict of interest. Author B declares that he has no conflict of interest.
- American Psychiatry Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth text revised edition. (DSM 4-TR). Arlington: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
- American Psychiatry Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition. (DSM 5). Arlington: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
- Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2011). Sosyal bilimler için veri analizi el kitabı (14. Baskı) [Data analysis handbook for social sciences (14th edition)]. Ankara: Pegem Akademi.Google Scholar
- Charman, T., Baron-Cohen, S., Swettenham, J., Baird, G., Drew, A., & Cox, A. (2003). Predicting language outcome in infants with autism and pervasive developmental disorder. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 38(3), 265–285. https://doi.org/10.1080/136820310000104830.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Constantino, J. N., Davis, S. A., Todd, R. D., Schindler, M. K., Gross, M. M., Brophy, S. L., et al. (2003). Validation of a brief quantitative measure of autistic traits: Comparison of the social responsiveness scale with the autism diagnostic interview-revised. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33(4), 427–433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Diken, I. H., Ardıç, A., Diken, Ö., & Gilliam, J. E. (2012). Exploring validity and reliability of Turkish version of Gilliam autism rating Scale-2. Education and Science, 37(166), 318–328.Google Scholar
- Dominick, K. C., Davis, N. O., Lainhart, J., Tager-Flusberg, H., & Folstein, S. (2007). Atypical behaviors in children with autism and children with a history of language impairment. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 28(2), 145–162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2006.02.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Esbensen, A. J., Seltzer, M. M., Lam, K. S., & Bodfish, J. W. (2009). Age-related differences in restricted repetitive behaviors in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(1), 57–66. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-008-0599-x.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Filipek, P. A., Accardo, P. J., Ashwal, S., Baranek, G. T., Cook, E. H., Dawson, G., et al. (2000). Practice parameter: Screening and diagnosis of autism report of the quality standards subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology and the child neurology society. Neurology, 55(4), 468–479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hartley, S. L., & Sikora, D. M. (2009). Sex differences in autism spectrum disorder: An examination of developmental functioning, autistic symptoms, and coexisting behavior problems in toddlers. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(12), 1715–1722. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-009-0810-8.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Hergüner, S., & Özbaran, B. (2010). Çocuk ve Ergen Psikiyatrisinde Kullanılan Ölçütler ve Ölçekler [Criterions and Scales Used in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry]. İstanbul: Türkiye Çocuk ve Genç Psikiyatrisi Derneği Yayınları (The Turkish Association for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Press).Google Scholar
- İncekaş, S. (2009). Çocukluk otizmini derecelendirme ölçeği geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. [Reliability and validity study of the childhood autism rating scale] Yayımlanmamış Tıpta Uzmanlık Tezi, Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi [Unpublished Specialty in Medicine Thesis, Dokuz Eylül Üniversity, Medicine School].Google Scholar
- Kamio, Y., Inada, N., Koyama, T., Inokuchi, E., Tsuchiya, K., & Kuroda, M. (2014). Effectiveness of using the modified checklist for autism in toddlers in two-stage screening of autism spectrum disorder at the 18-month health check-up in Japan. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44(1), 194–203. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-013-1864-1.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Kaner, S., Bayraklı, H., Diken, İ., & Çelik, S. (2013). Türkiye'de özel eğitim alanında geliştirilen ve uyarlanan ölçme araçları [Assessment instruments developed and adapted in the field of special education in Turkey]. Ankara: Maya Akademi.Google Scholar
- Kanner, L. (1943). Autistic disturbances of affective contact. The Nervous Child, 2, 217–250.Google Scholar
- Köse, S., Bora, E., Erermiş, S., & Aydın, C. (2010). Otizm Spektrum Anketi Türkçe formunun psikometrik özellikleri [psychometric qualities of the Turkish form of autism Spectrum questionnaire]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi, 11, 253–260.Google Scholar
- Krug, D. A., Arick, J. R., & Almond, P. J. (2008). Autism screening instrument for educational planning, examiner’s manual. Texas: Pro-Ed.Google Scholar
- Lord, C., Rutter, M., & Le Couteur, A. (1994). Autism diagnostic interview-revised: A revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24(5), 659–685.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Jr., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., et al. (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule-generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(3), 205–223.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Matson, J. L., & Rivet, T. T. (2008). Characteristics of challenging behaviours in adults with autistic disorder, PDD-NOS, and intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 33(4), 323–329. https://doi.org/10.1080/13668250802492600.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- National Research Council. (2001). Educating children with autism. Washington: The National Academies Press.Google Scholar
- Oosterling, I., Rommelse, N., De Jonge, M., Van Der Gaag, R. J., Swinkels, S., Roos, S., & Buitelaar, J. (2010). How useful is the social communication questionnaire in toddlers at risk of autism spectrum disorder? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(11), 1260–1268. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2010.02246.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Özdemir, O., Diken, İ. H., Diken, Ö., & Şekercioğlu, G. (2013). Otizm Davranış Kontrol Listesi modifiye edilmiş Türkçe Versiyonu’nun geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması: Pilot uygulama sonuçları [Reliability and validity studies of the modified Turkish version of Autism Behavior Checklist: Pilot study findings]. International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education, 5(2), 168–186.Google Scholar
- Pilowsky, T., Yirmiya, N., Shulman, C., & Dover, R. (1998). The autism diagnostic interview-revised and the childhood autism rating scale: Differences between diagnostic systems and comparison between genders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 28(2), 143–151.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Schanding, G. T., Jr., Nowell, K. P., & Goin-Kochel, R. P. (2012). Utility of the social communication questionnaire-current and social responsiveness scale as teacher-report screening instruments for autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(8), 1705–1716.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Şekercioğlu, G. (2009). Çocuklar için benlik algısı profilinin uyarlanması & faktör yapısının farklı değişkenlere göre eşitliğinin test edilmesi [Adaptation of self perception profile for children and testing factor structure equation according to different variables]. Yayımlanmamış Doktora Tezi. Ankara Üniversitesi [Unpublished Doctorate Thesis. Ankara University].Google Scholar
- Sipes, M. (2013). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of the symptom structure for autism spectrum disorders using the baby and infant screen for children with autism traits. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis. Graduate Faculty of the Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College. https://digitalcommons.lsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1469&context=gradschool_dissertations Accessed 5 June 2013.
- Sucuoğlu, B., Öktem, F., Akkök, F., & Gökler, B. (1996). Otistik çocukların değerlendirilmesinde kullanılan ölçeklere ilişkin bir çalışma [A study about scales used for the assessment of autistic children]. Psikiyatri, Psikoloji, Psikofarmakoloji Dergisi, 4(2), 116–121.Google Scholar
- Tohum Türkiye Otizm Erken Tanı ve Eğitim Vakfı. (2008). Otizm tarama projesi sonuç raporu [Tohum Autism Turkey Early Diagnosis and Educational Foundation. Autism screening project final report]. İstanbul, http://tohumotizm.org.tr/sites/default/files/kcfinder/files/Saglik%20Bakanligi%20Otizm%20Platformu%20Tarama%20Projesi%20Raporu.pdf. Accessed 24 May 2014
- Tonge, B. J., & Einfeld, S. L. (2003). Psychopathology and intellectual disability: The Australian child to adult longitudinal study. International Review of Research in Mental Retardation, 26, 61–91, http://www.google.com/books?hl=tr&lr=&id=S6sKZaRT6QwC&oi=fnd&pg=PA61&dq=Tonge+%26+Einfeld+(2003)+the+australian+child+to+adult&ots=V-D5 mTl7QO&sig=SAndeQNVhkNKVaA4yM7pygedDqU. Accessed 20 August 2014,
- Toth, K., Munson, J., Meltzoff, A. N., & Dawson, G. (2006). Early predictors of communication development in young children with autism spectrum disorder: Joint attention, imitation, and toy play. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(8), 993–1005.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- World Health Organization. (1992). Classification of mental and behavioural disorders, diagnostic criteria for research, (ICD-10). Geneva, http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/GRNBOOK.pdf Accessed 20 April 2014.
- Yıkgeç, A. (2005). A validity study of the modified checklist for autism in toddlers (M-CHAT) on a Turkish sample. Yayımlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Boğaziçi Üniversitesi [Unpublished Master’s Thesis. Boğaziçi University].Google Scholar
- Yılmaz-Irmak, T., Tekinsav-Sütçü, S., Aydın A, & Sorias, O. (2007). Otizm Davranış kontrol listesinin (ABC) geçerlik ve güvenirliğinin incelenmesi. [Investigation of reliability and validty of Austim Behavior Checklist (ABC)] Çocuk ve Gençlik Ruh Sağlığı Dergisi, 14(1), 13–23.Google Scholar