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Multicultural Awareness and a Comprehensive Team Approach to Liver Transplantation: A Case Report

  • Jessica L. HamiltonEmail author
  • Kalon R. Eways
  • Sara Fohn
  • Winston Dunn
Article
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Abstract

Patients being considered for a liver transplant undergo a rigorous evaluation process to identify the medical and psychosocial factors that may impact transplant success. The American Association for the Study of Liver Disease outlines recommendations for medical factors, but guidelines for psychosocial factors, such as multiculturalism, are less clear. The aim of this unique case study was to highlight the importance of multicultural awareness in the context of liver transplantation. More specifically, the report follows an American Indian man from initial diagnosis through psychological assessment and transplantation in order to illustrate the benefits of a comprehensive, multicultural team approach. Various components of multiculturalism are discussed, including the patient’s ethnicity, intellectual functioning, socioeconomic status, and mental health history. Consideration of these factors by the patient’s treatment team ultimately led to the patient’s candidacy for transplant, as well as effective psychosocial support throughout the transplant process and recovery. Incorporation more specific psychosocial recommendations into national liver transplantation guidelines would likely improve the evaluation process and outcomes.

Keywords

Transplant Psychological assessment Multicultural Multidisciplinary care 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Liver Transplant team at the University of Kansas Medical Center, and patient.

Compliance and Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Authors Jessica L. Hamilton, Kalon R. Eways, Sara Fohn, and Winston Dunn declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in this case report.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Internal MedicineUniversity of Kansas Medical CenterKansas CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Missouri—Kansas CityKansas CityUSA

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