The Moderating Role of Maternal Supervision in the Relation of Social–Ecological Risk Factors to Children’s Minor Injuries

  • Amy DamashekEmail author
  • Charles Borduin


Although maternal supervision has been found to reduce injury risk in young children, it is not clear whether supervision moderates the impact of social–ecological risk variables on children’s injury frequency. This study examined whether maternal supervision moderated the relation of child, maternal, and family risk factors to children’s minor injuries. Mothers (N = 170) of toddlers were interviewed biweekly about their children’s injuries and their supervision over a 6-month period, and mothers completed measures about child and family variables. Supervision moderated the effect of mothers’ marital/partner relationship satisfaction on children’s injury frequency; closer supervision was protective for mothers with lower relationship satisfaction. Findings suggest that helping mothers with low levels of relationship satisfaction provide closer supervision for their children may mitigate the effects of low marital satisfaction on children’s injury frequency.


Child injuries Maternal supervision Injury prevention Marital satisfaction 



This work was supported by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (R01HD025414, P.I. Lizette Peterson).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Authors, Amy Damashek and Charles Borduin, declare that they have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Human and Animal Rights

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee (Western Michigan University Human Subjects Institutional Review Board, protocol # 12-11-02) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWestern Michigan UniversityKalamazooUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychological SciencesUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA

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