Program Development of Integrated Psychological Services for Hospitalized Patients with Intravenous Drug Use Histories

  • Andrew D. GillEmail author
  • Tara McCuin
  • Marlene Maron


Amid rising trends in opioid use, hospitalizations for health conditions secondary to intravenous drug use are becoming more common. Such patients often require prolonged hospitalizations and frequently present with substance use histories, co-occurring mental health diagnoses, and unique behavioral health needs. These issues can adversely impact completion of medical treatment and place added burden on hospital staff. There is a growing need for medical institutions to develop policies and procedures which address the specific emotional, behavioral, and substance use needs of this patient population. Because guidelines for doing so are sparse in the literature, this study outlines the University of Vermont Medical Center’s process of developing an in-hospital care agreement intended to (1) increase patient access to in-hospital need assessments, psychotherapy, and medication for opioid use disorders, (2) increase referrals for opioid use treatment beyond hospitalization, (3) standardize staff response to common challenging behaviors, and (4) provide staff with education and support for interacting with patients in effective ways. The multidisciplinary process of developing this care agreement, its specific details, lessons learned, and anticipated future directions are also discussed.


Hospital Integrated Substance use Policy Program development 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Andrew Gill, Tara McCuin, and Marlene Maron declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Supplementary material

10880_2019_9616_MOESM1_ESM.docx (19 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 19 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychological ServicesUniversity of Vermont Medical CenterBurlingtonUSA

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