The Integrative Positive Psychological Intervention for Depression (IPPI-D)

  • Covadonga ChavesEmail author
  • Irene Lopez-Gomez
  • Gonzalo Hervas
  • Carmelo Vazquez
Original Paper


Despite the variety of empirically supported treatments for depression, many available evidence-based treatments do not satisfactorily promote or maintain clinically significant changes in patients. Moreover, treatments for depression have been primarily focused on reducing patients’ symptoms or deficits and less concerned with building positive resources that seem to be of interest to depressed individuals. This paper describes a manualized protocol of a new empirically-validated positive psychological intervention for depression, the Integrative Positive Psychological Intervention for Depression, which incorporates a balance between hedonic and eudaimonic components and a combination of in-session exercises and homework. The protocol is a 10-session program, in a group format, and includes interventions that have been shown to be effective in increasing well-being or alleviating depressive symptoms. The rationale for developing this protocol, the underlying theoretical framework and some general guidelines for its application are presented. Furthermore, the implications of this protocol are discussed, demonstrating how it may help to overcome some of the limitations of current, evidence-based psychological treatments for depression.


Positive psychological interventions Major depression Well-being Positive emotions Personal strengths 



This study was funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (Grant/Award Number: PSI2015-69253-R), Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports (Grant/Award Number: FPU12/02342), and Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness—Networks of Excellence (Grant/Award Number: PSI2014-56303-REDT). We would like to thank Almudena Duque, Victoria Guillén, and Silvia Moreno for their collaboration in the design and application of this protocol. Special thanks to Matthew P. Abrams for editing this manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interests

None of the authors who sign this paper has any conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Covadonga Chaves
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Irene Lopez-Gomez
    • 1
    • 3
  • Gonzalo Hervas
    • 1
  • Carmelo Vazquez
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical Psychology, School of PsychologyComplutense University of MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.School of Health SciencesFrancisco de Vitoria UniversityMadridSpain
  3. 3.School of Health SciencesRey Juan Carlos UniversityMadridSpain

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