Gold Nanoparticles Biosynthesized Using Ginkgo biloba Leaf Aqueous Extract for the Decolorization of Azo-Dyes and Fluorescent Detection of Cr(VI)

  • Ying Liu
  • Liping Huang
  • Sakil MahmudEmail author
  • Huihong LiuEmail author
Original Paper


Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are successfully synthesized via a facile and eco-friendly biosynthesis approach. Ginkgo biloba (G. biloba) leaf is an extract used as bio-aqueous solution for the preparation of the AuNPs. Photo-chemically, the G. biloba leaf plays dual roles wherein it serves as reducing and stabilizing agent. Through this approach, the use of toxin-induced chemical is completely avoided making the approach a green chemistry. Several synthetic parameters such as reactant concentration, media pH, reaction time and temperature are optimized which in turn enables the formation of AuNPs with uniform size. Various analytical techniques including scanning electron microscope (SEM), high resolution-transmission electron microscopic (HRTEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, fringe spacing and selected area diffraction (SEAD) pattern, and dynamic light scattering (DLS) are used for AuNPs characterization. The AuNPs exhibit cubic structure and spherical shape with average size of 18.95 ± 5.95 nm. The homemade AuNPs show promises in the catalytic decolorization of azo-dyes in the presence of sodium borohydride (NaBH4). In addition, the AuNPs show appreciable sensitivity for the detection of Cr(VI) with a detection limit found to be 0.1–0.8 μM. This study is expected to spur further works on the use of metal nanoparticle for environmental pollution remediation.


Gold nanoparticles Ginkgo biloba leaf Biosynthesis Azo-dyes Fluorescence Chromium ion 



The authors thank the kind support of this work from the Innovation Platform Projects of Wuhan Textile University (183052).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Resource Regenerating Institute, School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringWuhan Textile UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and EngineeringChinese Academy of SciencesNingboPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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