In Vivo Toxicity Assessment of Laminarin Based Silver Nanoparticles from Turbinaria ornata in Adult Zebrafish (Danio rerio)

  • Remya Rajan Renuka
  • Radhika Rajasree Santha RavindranathEmail author
  • Vasantharaja Raguraman
  • Suman Thodhal Yoganandham
  • Govindaraju Kasivelu
  • Aranganathan Lakshminarayanan
Original Paper


Silver nanoparticles synthesized using laminarin from Turbinaria ornata were subjected to acute toxicity in adult zebrafish. LC50 concentration of L-AgNPs and C-AgNPs at 96 h was noted to be 25.22 and 19.93 mg/L. To find out the fundamental toxicity mechanisms of L-AgNPs and C-AgNPs, the half of LC50 concentration 12.61 and 9.96 mg/L was exposed to adult zebrafish for 14 days respectively. There are no cytological changes in L-AgNPs whereas cytological changes were observed in gills, brain and liver tissues of C-AgNPs. The results concluded a plausible symbol for oxidative stress in zebrafish. The activities of antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase were decreased significantly in the C-AgNPs exposed while L-AgNPs showed no significant difference when compared to control. ICP-OES analysis of gills, liver and brain demonstrated that L-AgNPs and C-AgNPs revelation for 14 days resulted in enhanced silver uptake compared to fish treated with control are discussed in detail.


Laminarin Silver nanoparticles Toxicity Turbinaria ornata ICP-OES Zebrafish (Danio rerio



The authors gratefully acknowledge Central Leather Research Institute–Centre for Analysis, Testing, Evaluation and Reporting Services, Adyar, Chennai for providing the instrumentation facility (ICP-OES).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Remya Rajan Renuka
    • 1
  • Radhika Rajasree Santha Ravindranath
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  • Vasantharaja Raguraman
    • 1
  • Suman Thodhal Yoganandham
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Govindaraju Kasivelu
    • 1
  • Aranganathan Lakshminarayanan
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Ocean ResearchSathyabama Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia
  2. 2.College of Life ScienceHenan Normal UniversityXinxiangChina
  3. 3.Chongqing Institute of Green and Intelligent TechnologyChinese Academy of SciencesChongqingChina
  4. 4.Department of Fish Processing TechnologyKerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies (KUFOS)CochinIndia

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